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Proceedings Paper

Rapid condition assessment of structural condition after a blast using state-space identification
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Paper Abstract

After a blast event, it is important to quickly quantify the structural damage for emergency operations. In order improve the speed, accuracy, and efficiency of condition assessments after a blast, the authors have previously performed work to develop a methodology for rapid assessment of the structural condition of a building after a blast. The method involved determining a post-event equivalent stiffness matrix using vibration measurements and a finite element (FE) model. A structural model was built for the damaged structure based on the equivalent stiffness, and inter-story drifts from the blast are determined using numerical simulations, with forces determined from the blast parameters. The inter-story drifts are then compared to blast design conditions to assess the structures damage. This method still involved engineering judgment in terms of determining significant frequencies, which can lead to error, especially with noisy measurements. In an effort to improve accuracy and automate the process, this paper will look into a similar method of rapid condition assessment using subspace state-space identification. The accuracy of the method will be tested using a benchmark structural model, as well as experimental testing. The blast damage assessments will be validated using pressure-impulse (P-I) diagrams, which present the condition limits across blast parameters. Comparisons between P-I diagrams generated using the true system parameters and equivalent parameters will show the accuracy of the rapid condition based blast assessments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9437, Structural Health Monitoring and Inspection of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2015, 94372B (1 April 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2084278
Show Author Affiliations
Edward Eskew, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Shinae Jang, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9437:
Structural Health Monitoring and Inspection of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2015
Peter J. Shull, Editor(s)

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