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Proceedings Paper

Electroactive 3D materials for cardiac tissue engineering
Author(s): Amy Gelmi; Jiabin Zhang; Artur Cieslar-Pobuda; Monika K. Ljunngren; Marek Jan Los; Mehrdad Rafat; Edwin W. H. Jager
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Paper Abstract

By-pass surgery and heart transplantation are traditionally used to restore the heart’s functionality after a myocardial Infarction (MI or heart attack) that results in scar tissue formation and impaired cardiac function. However, both procedures are associated with serious post-surgical complications. Therefore, new strategies to help re-establish heart functionality are necessary.

Tissue engineering and stem cell therapy are the promising approaches that are being explored for the treatment of MI. The stem cell niche is extremely important for the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells and tissue regeneration. For the introduction of stem cells into the host tissue an artificial carrier such as a scaffold is preferred as direct injection of stem cells has resulted in fast stem cell death. Such scaffold will provide the proper microenvironment that can be altered electronically to provide temporal stimulation to the cells.

We have developed an electroactive polymer (EAP) scaffold for cardiac tissue engineering. The EAP scaffold mimics the extracellular matrix and provides a 3D microenvironment that can be easily tuned during fabrication, such as controllable fibre dimensions, alignment, and coating. In addition, the scaffold can provide electrical and electromechanical stimulation to the stem cells which are important external stimuli to stem cell differentiation. We tested the initial biocompatibility of these scaffolds using cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs), and continued onto more sensitive induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS). We present the fabrication and characterisation of these electroactive fibres as well as the response of increasingly sensitive cell types to the scaffolds.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9430, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2015, 94301T (1 April 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2084165
Show Author Affiliations
Amy Gelmi, Linköping Univ. (Sweden)
Jiabin Zhang, Linköping Univ. (Sweden)
Artur Cieslar-Pobuda, Linköping Univ. (Sweden)
Monika K. Ljunngren, Linköping Univ. (Sweden)
Marek Jan Los, Linköping Univ. (Sweden)
Mehrdad Rafat, Linköping Univ. (Sweden)
Edwin W. H. Jager, Linköping Univ. (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9430:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2015
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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