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Proceedings Paper

Cascaded optical link on a telecommunication fiber network for ultra-stable frequency dissemination
Author(s): Olivier Lopez; Nicola Chiodo; Fabio Stefani; Fabrice Wiotte; Nicolas Quintin; Anthony Bercy; Christian Chardonnet; Giorgio Santarelli; Paul-Eric Pottie; Anne Amy-Klein
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Paper Abstract

The transfer of ultra-stable frequencies between distant laboratories is required by many applications in time and frequency metrology, fundamental physics, particle accelerators and astrophysics. Optical fiber links have been intensively studied for a decade and brought the potential to transfer frequency with a very high accuracy and stability thanks to an active compensation of the propagation noise. We are currently developing an optical metrological network using the fibers of the French National Research and Education Network. Using the so-called dark-channel approach, the ultrastable signal is copropagating with data traffic using wavelength division multiplexing. Due to significant reflections and losses along the fibers, which cannot be compensated with amplifiers, we have developed some repeater stations for the metrological signal. These remotely-operated stations amplify the ultrastable signal and compensate the propagation noise. The link is thus composed of a few cascaded spans. It gives the possibility to increase the noise correction bandwidth, which is proportional to the inverse of the fiber length for each span. These stations are a key element for the deployment of a reliable and large scale metrological network. We report here on the implementation of a two-spans cascaded link of 740 km reaching a relative stability of a few 10-20 after 103 s averaging time. Extension to longer links and alternative transfer methods will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9378, Slow Light, Fast Light, and Opto-Atomic Precision Metrology VIII, 937823 (10 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083830
Show Author Affiliations
Olivier Lopez, Univ. Paris 13 (France)
Nicola Chiodo, Lab. de Physique des Lasers (France)
Fabio Stefani, Observatoire de Paris (France)
Univ. Paris 13 (France)
Fabrice Wiotte, Univ. Paris 13 (France)
Nicolas Quintin, Lab. de Physique des Lasers (France)
Anthony Bercy, Univ. Paris 13 (France)
Observatoire de Paris (France)
Christian Chardonnet, Univ. Paris 13 (France)
Giorgio Santarelli, Univ. de Bordeaux, CNRS (France)
Paul-Eric Pottie, Observatoire de Paris (France)
Anne Amy-Klein, Univ. Paris 13 (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9378:
Slow Light, Fast Light, and Opto-Atomic Precision Metrology VIII
Selim M. Shahriar; Jacob Scheuer, Editor(s)

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