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Proceedings Paper

Ultrafast photo response in superconductive isotropic radiators for microwave generation
Author(s): Brian Dolasinski; John Bulmer; Thomas Bullard; Peter E. Powers; Joseph W. Haus; Timothy Haugan
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Paper Abstract

The discovery of high temperature superconductors (HTS) and the expected applications in the field of ultrafast opto-electronics has created a unique opportunity where the technology has the potential to bridge the frequency gap from infrared to microwave. A pulsed ultrafast laser impinging on a HTS thin film grown using yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) excites transient electron dynamics to generate radiation that spans from the terahertz to the microwave regime. The radiation phenomena were demonstrated by making transient photo-excitation measurements using an ultrafast laser to induce non-equilibrium quasi-particle dynamics. The photo-response from a laser of an average power of 1 W and a pulse duration greater than 120 fs (808 nm wavelength) incident on charged YBa2Cu2O7-δ (YBCO) thin film at superconductive temperatures was measured using a series of microwave antennas. From the observed nanosecond response time of the transient pulse, we were able to extract frequency band structure in the GHz regime that was dependent on the incident beam diameter, pulse duration, power, and the physical structure of the YBCO thin film. The electron-phonon energy relaxation time is known to be on the order of a picosecond. However, by manipulating the resistive and kinetic inductive response of the material we demonstrate the ability to generate wideband microwave frequencies with a transient response on the order of the nanosecond time scale. Quasi-particle dynamics and the temporal response were analyzed using the Rothwarf-Taylor rate equations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2015
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9347, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications XIV, 93470H (27 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083505
Show Author Affiliations
Brian Dolasinski, Univ. of Dayton (United States)
John Bulmer, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Thomas Bullard, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Peter E. Powers, Univ. of Dayton (United States)
Joseph W. Haus, Univ. of Dayton (United States)
Timothy Haugan, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9347:
Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications XIV
Konstantin L. Vodopyanov, Editor(s)

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