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Proceedings Paper

Enhancement of galaxy images for improved classification
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, the classification accuracy of galaxy images is demonstrated to be improved by enhancing the galaxy images. Galaxy images often contain faint regions that are of similar intensity to stars and the image background, resulting in data loss during background subtraction and galaxy segmentation. Enhancement darkens these faint regions, enabling them to be distinguished from other objects in the image and the image background, relative to their original intensities. The heap transform is employed for the purpose of enhancement. Segmentation then produces a galaxy image which closely resembles the structure of the original galaxy image, and one that is suitable for further processing and classification. 6 Morphological feature descriptors are applied to the segmented images after a preprocessing stage and used to extract the galaxy image structure for use in training the classifier. The support vector machine learning algorithm performs training and validation of the original and enhanced data, and a comparison between the classification accuracy of each data set is included. Principal component analysis is used to compress the data sets for the purpose of classification visualization and a comparison between the reduced and original feature spaces. Future directions for this research include galaxy image enhancement by various methods, and classification performed with the use of a sparse dictionary. Both future directions are introduced.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2015
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 9399, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems XIII, 93990X (16 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083144
Show Author Affiliations
John Jenkinson, The Univ. of Texas at San Antonio (United States)
Artyom M. Grigoryan, The Univ. of Texas at San Antonio (United States)
Sos S. Agaian, The Univ. of Texas at San Antonio (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9399:
Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems XIII
Karen O. Egiazarian; Sos S. Agaian; Atanas P. Gotchev, Editor(s)

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