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Proceedings Paper

Macroscopic and microscopic biodistribution of intravenously administered iron oxide nanoparticles
Author(s): Adwiteeya Misra; Alicia A. Petryk; Rendall R. Strawbridge; P. Jack Hoopes D.V.M.
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Paper Abstract

Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP) are being developed for use as a cancer treatment. They have demonstrated efficacy when used either as a monotherapy or in conjunction with conventional chemotherapy and radiation. The success of IONP as a therapeutic tool depends on the delivery of a safe and controlled cytotoxic thermal dose to tumor tissue following activation with an alternating magnetic field (AMF). Prior to clinical approval, knowledge of IONP toxicity, biodistribution and physiological clearance is essential. This preliminary time-course study determines the acute toxicity and biodistribution of 110 nm dextran-coated IONP (iron) in mice, 7 days post systemic, at doses of 0.4, 0.6, and 1.0 mg Fe/ g mouse bodyweight. Acute toxicity, manifested as changes in the behavior of mice, was only observed temporarily at 1.0 mg Fe/ g mouse bodyweight, the highest dose administered. Regardless of dose, mass spectrometry and histological analysis demonstrated over 3 mg Fe/g tissue in organs within the reticuloendotheilial system (i.e. liver, spleen, and lymph nodes). Other organs (brain, heart, lungs, and kidney) had less than 0.5 mg Fe/g tissue with iron predominantly confined to the organ vasculature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9326, Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VIII, 93260N (12 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082989
Show Author Affiliations
Adwiteeya Misra, Dartmouth College (United States)
Alicia A. Petryk, Darthmouth College (United States)
Rendall R. Strawbridge, Darthmouth College (United States)
P. Jack Hoopes D.V.M., Darthmouth College (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9326:
Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VIII
Thomas P. Ryan, Editor(s)

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