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Proceedings Paper

Computer-aided recognition of dental implants in X-ray images
Author(s): Pedro Morais; Sandro Queirós; António H. J. Moreira; Adriano Ferreira; Ernesto Ferreira; Duarte Duque; Nuno F. Rodrigues; João L. Vilaça
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Paper Abstract

Dental implant recognition in patients without available records is a time-consuming and not straightforward task. The traditional method is a complete user-dependent process, where the expert compares a 2D X-ray image of the dental implant with a generic database. Due to the high number of implants available and the similarity between them, automatic/semi-automatic frameworks to aide implant model detection are essential. In this study, a novel computer-aided framework for dental implant recognition is suggested. The proposed method relies on image processing concepts, namely: (i) a segmentation strategy for semi-automatic implant delineation; and (ii) a machine learning approach for implant model recognition. Although the segmentation technique is the main focus of the current study, preliminary details of the machine learning approach are also reported. Two different scenarios are used to validate the framework: (1) comparison of the semi-automatic contours against implant’s manual contours of 125 X-ray images; and (2) classification of 11 known implants using a large reference database of 601 implants. Regarding experiment 1, 0.97±0.01, 2.24±0.85 pixels and 11.12±6 pixels of dice metric, mean absolute distance and Hausdorff distance were obtained, respectively. In experiment 2, 91% of the implants were successfully recognized while reducing the reference database to 5% of its original size. Overall, the segmentation technique achieved accurate implant contours. Although the preliminary classification results prove the concept of the current work, more features and an extended database should be used in a future work.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9414, Medical Imaging 2015: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 94142E (20 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082796
Show Author Affiliations
Pedro Morais, ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Lab. (Portugal)
Sandro Queirós, ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Lab. (Portugal)
Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
António H. J. Moreira, ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Lab. (Portugal)
Univ. of Minho (Portugal)
DIGARC, Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave (Portugal)
Adriano Ferreira, ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Lab. (Portugal)
Ernesto Ferreira, DIGARC, Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave (Portugal)
Duarte Duque, DIGARC, Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave (Portugal)
Nuno F. Rodrigues, ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Lab. (Portugal)
Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
DIGARC, Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave (Portugal)
João L. Vilaça, ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Lab. (Portugal)
DIGARC, Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave (Portugal)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9414:
Medical Imaging 2015: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Lubomir M. Hadjiiski; Georgia D. Tourassi, Editor(s)

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