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Proceedings Paper

Reflectance spectroscopy of pigmented cutaneous benign and malignant lesions
Author(s): E. Borisova; Al. Jeliazkova; E. Pavlova; P. Troyanova; T. Kundurdjiev; P. Pavlova; L. Avramov
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Paper Abstract

For the DRS measurements of skin benign, dysplastic and malignant lesions in vivo we applied halogen lamp (LS-1, OceanOptics Inc, Dunedin, Fl, USA) as a continuous light source in the region of 400-900 nm, optical probe (6+1 fibers) for the delivery of illumination and diffuse reflected light from the skin investigated and microspectrometer USB4000 (OceanOptics Inc., Dunedin, Fl, USA) for a storage and display of the spectra detected. As a diffuse reflectance standard Spectralon® plate was used to calibrate the spectrometer. The reflectance spectra obtained from normal skin in identical anatomic sites of different patients have similar spectral shape features, slightly differ by the reflectance intensity at different wavelengths, depending on the particular patient’ skin phototype. One could find diagnostically important spectral features, related to specific intensity changes for a given wavelength due to specific pigments appearance, slope changes by value and sign for the reflectance spectra curves in a specific spectral range, disappearance or manifestation of minima, related to hemoglobin absorption at 410-420 nm, 543, 575 nm. Based on the observed peculiarities multispectral analysis of the reflectance spectra of the different lesions was used and diagnostically specific features are found. Discrimination using the DRS data obtained between benign compound and dermal nevi (45 cases), dysplastic nevi (17 cases) and pigmented malignant melanoma (41 cases) lesions is achieved with a diagnostic accuracy of 96 % for the benign nevi vs. MM, and 90 % for the dysplastic nevi vs. MM.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 2014
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9421, Eighth International Conference on Advanced Optical Materials and Devices (AOMD-8), 94210I (22 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2082632
Show Author Affiliations
E. Borisova, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)
Al. Jeliazkova, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)
E. Pavlova, Univ. Hospital “Queen Jiovanna-ISUL” (Bulgaria)
P. Troyanova, Univ. Hospital “Queen Jiovanna-ISUL” (Bulgaria)
T. Kundurdjiev, Medical Univ. Sofia (Bulgaria)
P. Pavlova, Technical Univ. of Sofia (Bulgaria)
L. Avramov, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9421:
Eighth International Conference on Advanced Optical Materials and Devices (AOMD-8)
Janis Spigulis, Editor(s)

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