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Proceedings Paper

Size-based emphysema cluster analysis on low attenuation area in 3D volumetric CT: comparison with pulmonary functional test
Author(s): Minho Lee; Namkug Kim; Sang Min Lee M.D.; Joon Beom Seo M.D.; Sang Young Oh M.D.
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Paper Abstract

To quantify low attenuation area (LAA) of emphysematous regions according to cluster size in 3D volumetric CT data of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and to compare these indices with their pulmonary functional test (PFT). Sixty patients with COPD were scanned by a more than 16-multi detector row CT scanner (Siemens Sensation 16 and 64) within 0.75mm collimation. Based on these LAA masks, a length scale analysis to estimate each emphysema LAA’s size was performed as follows. At first, Gaussian low pass filter from 30mm to 1mm kernel size with 1mm interval on the mask was performed from large to small size, iteratively. Centroid voxels resistant to the each filter were selected and dilated by the size of the kernel, which was regarded as the specific size emphysema mask. The slopes of area and number of size based LAA (slope of semi-log plot) were analyzed and compared with PFT. PFT parameters including DLco, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC were significantly (all p-value< 0.002) correlated with the slopes (r-values; -0.73, 0.54, 0.69, respectively) and EI (r-values; -0.84, -0.60, -0.68, respectively). In addition, the D independently contributed regression for FEV1 and FEV1/FVC (adjust R sq. of regression study: EI only, 0.70, 0.45; EI and D, 0.71, 0.51, respectively). By the size based LAA segmentation and analysis, we evaluated the Ds of area, number, and distribution of size based LAA, which would be independent factors for predictor of PFT parameters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9417, Medical Imaging 2015: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 94172V (17 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082413
Show Author Affiliations
Minho Lee, Univ. of Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)
Namkug Kim, Univ. of Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)
Sang Min Lee M.D., Univ. of Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)
Joon Beom Seo M.D., Univ. of Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)
Sang Young Oh M.D., Univ. of Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9417:
Medical Imaging 2015: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging
Barjor Gimi; Robert C. Molthen, Editor(s)

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