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Proceedings Paper

Adaptive whole slide tissue segmentation to handle inter-slide tissue variability
Author(s): Kien Nguyen; Ting Chen; Joerg Bredno; Chukka Srinivas; Christophe Chefd'hotel; Solange Romagnoli; Astrid Heller; Oliver Grimm; Fabien Gaire
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Paper Abstract

Automatic whole slide (WS) tissue image segmentation is an important problem in digital pathology. A conventional classification-based method (referred to as CCb method) to tackle this problem is to train a classifier on a pre-built training database (pre-built DB) obtained from a set of training WS images, and use it to classify all image pixels or image patches (test samples) in the test WS image into different tissue types. This method suffers from a major challenge in WS image analysis: the strong inter-slide tissue variability (ISTV), i.e., the variability of tissue appearance from slide to slide. Due to this ISTV, the test samples are usually very different from the training data, which is the source of misclassification. To address the ISTV, we propose a novel method, called slide-adapted classification (SAC), to extend the CCb method. We assume that in the test WS image, besides regions with high variation from the pre-built DB, there are regions with lower variation from this DB. Hence, the SAC method performs a two-stage classification: first classifies all test samples in a WS image (as done in the CCb method) and compute their classification confidence scores. Next, the samples classified with high confidence scores (samples being reliably classified due to their low variation from the pre-built DB) are combined with the pre-built DB to generate an adaptive training DB to reclassify the low confidence samples. The method is motivated by the large size of the test WS image (a large number of high confidence samples are obtained), and the lower variability between the low and high confidence samples (both belonging to the same WS image) compared to the ISTV. Using the proposed SAC method to segment a large dataset of 24 WS images, we improve the accuracy over the CCb method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9420, Medical Imaging 2015: Digital Pathology, 94200P (19 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082343
Show Author Affiliations
Kien Nguyen, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc. (United States)
Ting Chen, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc. (United States)
Joerg Bredno, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc. (United States)
Chukka Srinivas, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc. (United States)
Christophe Chefd'hotel, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc. (United States)
Solange Romagnoli, Roche Diagnostics GmbH (Germany)
Astrid Heller, Roche Diagnostics GmbH (Germany)
Oliver Grimm, Roche Diagnostics GmbH (Germany)
Fabien Gaire, Roche Diagnostics GmbH (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9420:
Medical Imaging 2015: Digital Pathology
Metin N. Gurcan; Anant Madabhushi, Editor(s)

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