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Proceedings Paper

Efficient integration of spectral features for vehicle tracking utilizing an adaptive sensor
Author(s): Burak Uzkent; Matthew J. Hoffman; Anthony Vodacek
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Paper Abstract

Object tracking in urban environments is an important and challenging problem that is traditionally tackled using visible and near infrared wavelengths. By inserting extended data such as spectral features of the objects one can improve the reliability of the identification process. However, huge increase in data created by hyperspectral imaging is usually prohibitive. To overcome the complexity problem, we propose a persistent air-to-ground target tracking system inspired by a state-of-the-art, adaptive, multi-modal sensor. The adaptive sensor is capable of providing panchromatic images as well as the spectra of desired pixels. This addresses the data challenge of hyperspectral tracking by only recording spectral data as needed. Spectral likelihoods are integrated into a data association algorithm in a Bayesian fashion to minimize the likelihood of misidentification. A framework for controlling spectral data collection is developed by incorporating motion segmentation information and prior information from a Gaussian Sum filter (GSF) movement predictions from a multi-model forecasting set. An intersection mask of the surveillance area is extracted from OpenStreetMap source and incorporated into the tracking algorithm to perform online refinement of multiple model set. The proposed system is tested using challenging and realistic scenarios generated in an adverse environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9407, Video Surveillance and Transportation Imaging Applications 2015, 940707 (4 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082266
Show Author Affiliations
Burak Uzkent, Rochester Institute of Technology (United States)
Matthew J. Hoffman, Rochester Institute of Technology (United States)
Anthony Vodacek, Rochester Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9407:
Video Surveillance and Transportation Imaging Applications 2015
Robert P. Loce; Eli Saber, Editor(s)

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