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Proceedings Paper

Task-driven imaging in cone-beam computed tomography
Author(s): G. J. Gang; J. W. Stayman; S. Ouadah; T. Ehtiati; J. H. Siewerdsen
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Paper Abstract

Purpose: Conventional workflow in interventional imaging often ignores a wealth of prior information of the patient anatomy and the imaging task. This work introduces a task-driven imaging framework that utilizes such information to prospectively design acquisition and reconstruction techniques for cone-beam CT (CBCT) in a manner that maximizes task-based performance in subsequent imaging procedures. Methods: The framework is employed in jointly optimizing tube current modulation, orbital tilt, and reconstruction parameters in filtered back-projection reconstruction for interventional imaging. Theoretical predictors of noise and resolution relates acquisition and reconstruction parameters to task-based detectability. Given a patient-specific prior image and specification of the imaging task, an optimization algorithm prospectively identifies the combination of imaging parameters that maximizes task-based detectability. Initial investigations were performed for a variety of imaging tasks in an elliptical phantom and an anthropomorphic head phantom. Results: Optimization of tube current modulation and view-dependent reconstruction kernel was shown to have greatest benefits for a directional task (e.g., identification of device or tissue orientation). The task-driven approach yielded techniques in which the dose and sharp kernels were concentrated in views contributing the most to the signal power associated with the imaging task. For example, detectability of a line pair detection task was improved by at least three fold compared to conventional approaches. For radially symmetric tasks, the task-driven strategy yielded results similar to a minimum variance strategy in the absence of kernel modulation. Optimization of the orbital tilt successfully avoided highly attenuating structures that can confound the imaging task by introducing noise correlations masquerading at spatial frequencies of interest. Conclusions: This work demonstrated the potential of a task-driven imaging framework to improve image quality and reduce dose beyond that achievable with conventional imaging approaches.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2015
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 941220 (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082169
Show Author Affiliations
G. J. Gang, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
J. W. Stayman, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
S. Ouadah, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
T. Ehtiati, Siemens Healthcare (United States)
J. H. Siewerdsen, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9412:
Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging
Christoph Hoeschen; Despina Kontos, Editor(s)

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