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Proceedings Paper

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) of a murine model of chronic kidney disease
Author(s): Hsing-Wen Wang; Hengchang Guo; Peter M. Andrews; Erik Anderson M.D.; Y Chen
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Paper Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is characterized by a progressive loss in renal function over time. Pathology can provide valuable insights into the progression of CKD by analyzing the status of glomeruli and the uriniferous tubules over time. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a new procedure that can analyze the microscopic structure of the kidney in a non-invasive manner. This is especially important because there are significant artifacts associated with excision biopsies and immersion fixation procedures. Recently, we have shown that OCT can provide real time images of kidney microstructure and Doppler OCT (DOCT) can image glomerular renal blood flow in vivo without administrating exogenous contrast agents. In this study, we used OCT to evaluate CKD in a model induced by intravenous Adriamycin injection into Munich-Wistar rats. We evaluated tubular density and tubular diameter from OCT images at several post- Adriamycin induction time points and compared them with conventional light microscopic histological imaging. Proteinurea and serum creatinine were used as physiological markers of the extent of CKD. Preliminary OCT results revealed changes in tubular density due to tubular necrosis and interstitial fibrosis within the first 4 weeks following Adriamycin injection. From week 4 to 8 after Adriamycin induction, changes in tubular density and diameter occurred due to both tubular loss and tubular dilation. The results suggest OCT can provide additional information about kidney histopathology in CKD. DOCT revealed reduced blood flow in some glomeruli probably as a consequence of focal glomerularsclerosis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9417, Medical Imaging 2015: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 94170T (19 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082167
Show Author Affiliations
Hsing-Wen Wang, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)
Hengchang Guo, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)
Peter M. Andrews, Georgetown Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
Erik Anderson M.D., Georgetown Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
Y Chen, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9417:
Medical Imaging 2015: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging
Barjor Gimi; Robert C. Molthen, Editor(s)

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