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Proceedings Paper

SPECT reconstruction using DCT-induced tight framelet regularization
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Paper Abstract

Wavelet transforms have been successfully applied in many fields of image processing. Yet, to our knowledge, they have never been directly incorporated to the objective function in Emission Computed Tomography (ECT) image reconstruction. Our aim has been to investigate if the ℓ1-norm of non-decimated discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients of the estimated radiotracer distribution could be effectively used as the regularization term for the penalized-likelihood (PL) reconstruction, where a regularizer is used to enforce the image smoothness in the reconstruction. In this study, the ℓ1-norm of 2D DCT wavelet decomposition was used as a regularization term. The Preconditioned Alternating Projection Algorithm (PAPA), which we proposed in earlier work to solve penalized likelihood (PL) reconstruction with non-differentiable regularizers, was used to solve this optimization problem. The DCT wavelet decompositions were performed on the transaxial reconstructed images. We reconstructed Monte Carlo simulated SPECT data obtained for a numerical phantom with Gaussian blobs as hot lesions and with a warm random lumpy background. Reconstructed images using the proposed method exhibited better noise suppression and improved lesion conspicuity, compared with images reconstructed using expectation maximization (EM) algorithm with Gaussian post filter (GPF). Also, the mean square error (MSE) was smaller, compared with EM-GPF. A critical and challenging aspect of this method was selection of optimal parameters. In summary, our numerical experiments demonstrated that the ℓ1-norm of discrete cosine transform (DCT) wavelet frame transform DCT regularizer shows promise for SPECT image reconstruction using PAPA method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94123H (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082118
Show Author Affiliations
Jiahan Zhang, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Si Li, Sun Yat-Sen Univ. (China)
Yuesheng Xu, Sun Yat-sen Univ. (China)
C. Ross Schmidtlein, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Edward D. Lipson, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
David H. Feiglin, SUNY Upstate Medical Univ. (United States)
Andrzej Krol, SUNY Upstate Medical Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9412:
Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging
Christoph Hoeschen; Despina Kontos, Editor(s)

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