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Proceedings Paper

Oxygen sensitivity of PDT determined from time-dependent electrode measurements in spheroids
Author(s): Thomas H. Foster; Michael G. Nichols
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Paper Abstract

We have previously reported on a microelectrode technique for mapping spatial and temporal distributions of oxygen in and around individual photosensitized multicell tumor spheroids. Steady-state and time-resolved measurements have been analyzed using diffusion theory ad have yielded estimates of the oxygen diffusion coefficient in the spheroid, the rate of metabolic oxygen consumption, and the fluence-rate-dependent rate of photochemical oxygen depletion. We have recently modified the theoretical treatment of the time-resolved measurements to include the oxygen dependence of the rate of therapy-induced oxygen consumption. The oxygen consumption term in the diffusion equation is now derived from kinetics of type II photochemistry. This expression contains the ration of two rate constants' the photosensitizer triplet decay rate (kp) and the bimolecular rate for collisional triplet-quenching interactions with oxygen (kot). From fits of numerical solutions of the diffusion equation to microelectrode measurements of PDT-induced oxygen transients, kp/kot, may be obtained for a photosensitizer in a multicell environment. The ration plays an important role in direct cell photosensitization by defining the concentration at which singlet oxygen formation is limited by the availability of oxygen. In a multicell environment where oxygen supply is diffusional, extremely low values of kp/kot exacerbate the oxygen depletion problem. Recent experiments and analysis indicate that in some cases photosensitizer bleaching rates may also be determined from microelectrode measurements in spheroids.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1995
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2392, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy IV, (1 May 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.208183
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas H. Foster, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Michael G. Nichols, Univ. of Rochester (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2392:
Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy IV
Thomas J. Dougherty, Editor(s)

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