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Proceedings Paper

Assessment of mass detection performance in contrast enhanced digital mammography
Author(s): Ann-Katherine Carton; Pablo Milioni de Carvalho; Zhijin Li; Clarisse Dromain; Serge Muller
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Paper Abstract

We address the detectability of contrast-agent enhancing masses for contrast-agent enhanced spectral mammography (CESM), a dual-energy technique providing functional projection images of breast tissue perfusion and vascularity using simulated CESM images. First, the realism of simulated CESM images from anthropomorphic breast software phantoms generated with a software X-ray imaging platform was validated. Breast texture was characterized by power-law coefficients calculated in data sets of real clinical and simulated images. We also performed a 2-alternative forced choice (2-AFC) psychophysical experiment whereby simulated and real images were presented side-by-side to an experienced radiologist to test if real images could be distinguished from the simulated images. It was found that texture in our simulated CESM images has a fairly realistic appearance. Next, the relative performance of human readers and previously developed mathematical observers was assessed for the detection of iodine-enhancing mass lesions containing different contrast agent concentrations. A four alternative-forced-choice (4 AFC) task was designed; the task for the model and human observer was to detect which one of the four simulated DE recombined images contained an iodineenhancing mass. Our results showed that the NPW and NPWE models largely outperform human performance. After introduction of an internal noise component, both observers approached human performance. The CHO observer performs slightly worse than the average human observer. There is still work to be done in improving model observers as predictors of human-observer performance. Larger trials could also improve our test statistics. We hope that in the future, this framework of software breast phantoms, virtual image acquisition and processing, and mathematical observers can be beneficial to optimize CESM imaging techniques.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9416, Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 941608 (17 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2081772
Show Author Affiliations
Ann-Katherine Carton, GE Healthcare (France)
Pablo Milioni de Carvalho, GE Healthcare (France)
Zhijin Li, GE Healthcare (France)
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (France)
Clarisse Dromain, Institut Gustave Roussy (France)
Serge Muller, GE Healthcare (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9416:
Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment
Claudia R. Mello-Thoms; Matthew A. Kupinski, Editor(s)

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