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Proceedings Paper

Exposure dose reduction for the high energy spectrum in the photon counting mammography: simulation study based on Japanese breast glandularity and thickness
Author(s): Naoko Niwa; Misaki Yamazaki; Yoshie Kodera; Mika Yamamuro; Kanako Yamada; Yoshiyuki Asai; Koji Yamada
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Paper Abstract

Recently, digital mammography with a photon counting silicon detector has been developed. With the aim of reducing the exposure dose, we have proposed a new mammography system that uses a cadmium telluride series photon counting detector. In addition, we also propose to use a high energy X-ray spectrum with a tungsten anode. The purpose of this study was assessed that the effectiveness of the high X-ray energy spectrum in terms of image quality using a Monte Carlo simulation. The proposed photon counting system with the high energy X-ray is compared to a conventional flat panel detector system with a Mo/Rh spectrum. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) is calculated from simulation images with the use of breast phantoms. The breast model phantoms differed by glandularity and thickness, which were determined from Japanese clinical mammograms. We found that the CNR values were higher in the proposed system than in the conventional system. The number of photons incident on the detector was larger in the proposed system, so that the noise values was lower in comparison with the conventional system. Therefore, the high energy spectrum yielded the same CNR as using the conventional spectrum while allowing a considerable dose reduction to the breast.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94124B (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2081173
Show Author Affiliations
Naoko Niwa, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Misaki Yamazaki, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Yoshie Kodera, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Mika Yamamuro, Kinki Univ. Hospital (Japan)
Kanako Yamada, Kinki Univ. Hospital (Japan)
Yoshiyuki Asai, Kinki Univ. Hospital (Japan)
Koji Yamada, Kinki Univ. Hospital (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9412:
Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging
Christoph Hoeschen; Despina Kontos, Editor(s)

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