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Proceedings Paper

Mechanical and optical characterization of bio-nanocomposite from pineapple leaf fiber material for food packaging
Author(s): Siti Nikmatin; Jerry R. Rudwiyanti; Kurnia Wiji Prasetyo; Dwi Arso Yedi
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Paper Abstract

The utilization of Bio-nanocomposite material that was derived from pineapple leaf fiber as filler and tapioca starch with plasticizer glycerol as a matrix for food packaging can reduce the use of plastic that usually was made from petroleum materials. It is important to develop and producethis environmental friendly plastic because of limited availability of petroleum nowadays. The process of synthesize and characterization tapioca starch with the plasticizer glycerol bionanocomposites using print method had been conducted. There were 3 samples with different filler concentration variation; 3%, 4% and 5%.The results of mechanical test from each sample showed that bio-nanocomposite with 5% filler concentration was the optimum sample with 4.6320 MPa for tensile strength test and 24.87% for the elongation test. Based on the result of optical test for each sample was gained that along with the increasing of concentration filler would make the absorbance value of the sample became decreased, bio-nanocomposite with 5% filler concentration had several peaks with low absorbance values. The first peak was in 253 nm of wavelength regionwith absorbance of 0.131%, and the second peak was in 343 nmwavelength region and absorbance was 0.087%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 January 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9444, International Seminar on Photonics, Optics, and Its Applications (ISPhOA 2014), 94440R (9 January 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2081112
Show Author Affiliations
Siti Nikmatin, Bogor Agricultural Univ. (Indonesia)
Jerry R. Rudwiyanti, Bogor Agricultural Univ. (Indonesia)
Kurnia Wiji Prasetyo, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Indonesia)
Dwi Arso Yedi, PT Astra Honda Motor (Indonesia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9444:
International Seminar on Photonics, Optics, and Its Applications (ISPhOA 2014)
Aulia Nasution, Editor(s)

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