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Proceedings Paper

Photon-counting CT: modeling and compensating of spectral distortion effects
Author(s): Jochen Cammin; Steffen Kappler; Thomas Weidinger; Katsuyuki Taguchi
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Paper Abstract

Spectral computed tomography (CT) with photon-counting detectors (PCDs) has the potential to substantially advance diagnostic CT imaging by reducing image noise and dose to the patient, by improving contrast and tissue specificity, and by enabling molecular and functional imaging. However, the current PCD technology is limited by two main factors: imperfect energy measurement (spectral response effects, SR) and count rate non-linearity (pulse pileup effects, PP, due to detector deadtimes) resulting in image artifacts and quantitative inaccuracies for material specification. These limitations can be lifted with image reconstruction algorithms that compensate for both SR and PP. A prerequisite for this approach is an accurate model of the count losses and spectral distortions in the PCD. In earlier work we developed a cascaded SR-PP model and evaluated it using a physical PCD. In this paper we show the robustness of our approach by modifying the cascaded SR-PP model for a faster PCD with smaller pixels and a different pulse shape. We compare paralyzable and non-paralyzable detector models. First, the SR-PP model is evaluated at low and high count rates using two sets of attenuators. Then, the accuracy of the compensation is evaluated by estimating the thicknesses of three basis functions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 941250 (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2080849
Show Author Affiliations
Jochen Cammin, The Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Steffen Kappler, Siemens Healthcare (Germany)
Thomas Weidinger, Siemens Healthcare (Germany)
Univ. zu Lübeck (Germany)
Katsuyuki Taguchi, The Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9412:
Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging
Christoph Hoeschen; Despina Kontos, Editor(s)

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