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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Biomedical applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)
Author(s): V. K. Unnikrishnan; Rajesh Nayak; Sujatha Bhat; Stanley Mathew M.D.; V. B. Kartha; C. Santhosh

Paper Abstract

LIBS has been proven to be a robust elemental analysis tool attracting interest because of the wide applications. LIBS can be used for analysis of any type of samples i.e. environmental/physiological, regardless of its state of matter. Conventional spectroscopy techniques are good in analytical performance, but their sample preparation method is mostly destructive and time consuming. Also, almost all these methods are incapable of analysing multi elements simaltaneously. On the other hand, LIBS has many potential advantages such as simplicity in the experimental setup, less sample preparation, less destructive analysis of sample etc. In this paper, we report some of the biomedical applications of LIBS. From the experiments carried out on clinical samples (calcified tissues or teeth and gall stones) for trace elemental mapping and detection, it was found that LIBS is a robust tool for such applications. It is seen that the presence and relative concentrations of major elements (calcium, phosphorus and magnesium) in human calcified tissue (tooth) can be easily determined using LIBS technique. The importance of this study comes in anthropology where tooth and bone are main samples from which reliable data can be easily retrieved. Similarly, elemental composition of bile juice and gall stone collected from the same subject using LIBS was found to be similar. The results show interesting prospects for LIBS to study cholelithiasis (the presence of stones in the gall bladder, is a common disease of the gastrointestinal tract) better.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2015
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9332, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XV: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics, 933211 (9 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2080710
Show Author Affiliations
V. K. Unnikrishnan, Manipal Univ. (India)
Rajesh Nayak, Manipal Univ. (India)
Sujatha Bhat, Manipal Univ. (India)
Stanley Mathew M.D., Manipal Univ. (India)
V. B. Kartha, Manipal Univ. (India)
C. Santhosh, Manipal Univ. (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9332:
Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XV: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics
Gerard L. Coté, Editor(s)

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