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Proceedings Paper

Interferometric characterization of few-mode fibers (FMF) for mode-division multiplexing (MDM)
Author(s): O. Muliar; M. A. Usuga; K. Rottwitt; J. Lægsgaard
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Paper Abstract

The rapid growth of global data traffic demands the continuous search for new technologies and systems that could increase transmission capacity in optical links and recent experiments show that to do so, it is advantageous to explore new degrees of freedom such as polarization, wavelength or optical modes.

Mode division multiplexing (MDM) appears in this context as a promising and viable solution for such capacity increase, since it utilizes multiple spatial modes of an optical fiber as individual communication channels for data transmission. In order to evaluate its performance, a MDM system requires advanced characterization methods with regard to the modal content of its photonics components and in particular of the fibers involved for data transmission.

In this contribution we present a time-domain interferometric technique for a full modal characterization of few mode fibers (FMF), commonly used in a MDM scenario. This experimental technique requires the use of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, where the reference’s path length is controlled by an optical delay line. The interference between the output beams of reference and fiber under test (FUT) is recorded on a CCD camera and a careful evaluation of the resulting interferograms allows us to have full access to key parameters such as number of modes, modal weight, differential time delay between propagating modes and intensity profiles.

In this work, we apply this simple and complete characterization method to the case of a short link with two optical modes propagating in a FMF, which illustrates its potential as a diagnostic tool for MDM systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9369, Photonic Instrumentation Engineering II, 936909 (13 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2079413
Show Author Affiliations
O. Muliar, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
M. A. Usuga, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
K. Rottwitt, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
J. Lægsgaard, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9369:
Photonic Instrumentation Engineering II
Yakov G. Soskind; Craig Olson, Editor(s)

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