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Proceedings Paper

Assessment of ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography for monitoring tissue effects caused by laser photocoagulation of ex-vivo porcine retina
Author(s): Patrick Steiner; Volker Enzmann; Sebastian Wolf; Anke Bossen; Christoph Meier; Raphael Sznitman
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Paper Abstract

Retinal laser photocoagulation is an established and successful treatment for a variety of retinal diseases. While being a valuable treatment modality, laser photocoagulation shows the drawback of employing high energy lasers which are capable of physically destroying the neural retina. For reliable therapy, it is therefore crucial to closely monitor the therapy effects caused in the retinal tissue. A depth resolved representation of optical tissue properties as provided by optical coherence tomography may provide valuable information about the treatment effects in the retinal layers if recorded simultaneously to laser coagulation. Therefore, in this work, the use of ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography to represent tissue changes caused by conventional and selective retinal photocoagulation is investigated. Laser lesions were placed on porcine retina ex-vivo using a 577 nm laser as well as a pulsed laser at 527 nm built for selective treatment of the retinal pigment epithelium. Applied energies were varied to generate lesions best representing the span from under- to overtreatment. The lesions were examined using a custom-designed optical coherence tomography system with an axial resolution of 1.78 μm and 70 kHz Ascan rate. Optical coherence tomography scans included volume scans before and after irradiation, as well as time lapse scans (Mscan) of the lesions. Results show OCT lesion visibility thresholds to be below the thresholds of ophthalmoscopic inspection. With the ultra-high resolution OCT, 42% - 44% of ophthalmoscopically invisible lesions could be detected and lesions that were under- or overexposed could be distinguished using the OCT data.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9321, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXVI, 932112 (5 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2079351
Show Author Affiliations
Patrick Steiner, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)
Volker Enzmann, Inselspital Bern (Switzerland)
Sebastian Wolf, Inselspital Bern (Switzerland)
Anke Bossen, Berner Fachhochschule Technik und Informatik (Switzerland)
Christoph Meier, Berner Fachhochschule (Switzerland)
Raphael Sznitman, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)
Inselspital Bern (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9321:
Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXVI
E. Duco Jansen, Editor(s)

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