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Proceedings Paper

High precision laser sclerostomy
Author(s): W. S. Góra; A. Urich; L. McIntosh; R. M. Carter; Clive G. Wilson; B. Dhillon; D. P. Hand; J. D. Shephard
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Paper Abstract

Ultrafast lasers offer a possibility of removing soft ophthalmic tissue without introducing collateral damage at the ablation site or in the surrounding tissue. The potential for using ultrashort pico- and femtosecond pulse lasers for modification of ophthalmic tissue has been reported elsewhere and has resulted in the introduction of new, minimally invasive procedures into clinical practice. Our research aims to define the most efficient parameters to allow for the modification of scleral tissue without introducing collateral damage. Our experiments were carried out on hydrated porcine sclera in vitro. Porcine sclera, which has similar collagen organization, histology and water content (~70%) to human tissue was used. Supporting this work we present a 2D finite element blow-off model which employs a one-step heating process. It is assumed that the incident laser radiation that is not reflected is absorbed in the tissue according to the Beer-Lambert law and transformed into heat energy. The experimental setup uses an industrial picosecond laser (TRUMPF TruMicro 5x50) with 5.9 ps pulses at 1030 nm, with pulse energies up to 125 μJ and a focused spot diameter of 35 μm. Use of a beam steering scan head allows flexibility in designing complicated scanning patterns. In this study we have demonstrated that picosecond pulses are capable of removing scleral tissue without introducing any major thermal damage which offers a possible route for minimally invasive sclerostomy. In assessing this we have tested several different scanning patterns including single line ablation, square and circular cavity removal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9307, Ophthalmic Technologies XXV, 93071Y (12 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2079146
Show Author Affiliations
W. S. Góra, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)
A. Urich, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)
L. McIntosh, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)
R. M. Carter, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)
Clive G. Wilson, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)
B. Dhillon, The Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
D. P. Hand, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)
J. D. Shephard, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9307:
Ophthalmic Technologies XXV
Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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