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Proceedings Paper

A real-time 3D range image sensor based on a novel tip-tilt-piston micromirror and dual frequency phase shifting
Author(s): Øystein Skotheim; Henrik Schumann-Olsen; Jostein Thorstensen; Anna N. Kim; Matthieu Lacolle; Karl-Henrik Haugholt; Thor Bakke
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Paper Abstract

Structured light is a robust and accurate method for 3D range imaging in which one or more light patterns are projected onto the scene and observed with an off-axis camera. Commercial sensors typically utilize DMD- or LCD-based LED projectors, which produce good results but have a number of drawbacks, e.g. limited speed, limited depth of focus, large sensitivity to ambient light and somewhat low light efficiency.

We present a 3D imaging system based on a laser light source and a novel tip-tilt-piston micro-mirror. Optical interference is utilized to create sinusoidal fringe patterns. The setup allows fast and easy control of both the frequency and the phase of the fringe patterns by altering the axes of the micro-mirror. For 3D reconstruction we have adapted a Dual Frequency Phase Shifting method which gives robust range measurements with sub-millimeter accuracy.

The use of interference for generating sine patterns provides high light efficiency and good focusing properties. The use of a laser and a bandpass filter allows easy removal of ambient light. The fast response of the micro-mirror in combination with a high-speed camera and real-time processing on the GPU allows highly accurate 3D range image acquisition at video rates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9393, Three-Dimensional Image Processing, Measurement (3DIPM), and Applications 2015, 93930A (17 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078976
Show Author Affiliations
Øystein Skotheim, SINTEF ITC (Norway)
Henrik Schumann-Olsen, SINTEF ITC (Norway)
Jostein Thorstensen, SINTEF ITC (Norway)
Anna N. Kim, SINTEF ITC (Norway)
Matthieu Lacolle, SINTEF ITC (Norway)
Karl-Henrik Haugholt, SINTEF ITC (Norway)
Thor Bakke, SINTEF ITC (Norway)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9393:
Three-Dimensional Image Processing, Measurement (3DIPM), and Applications 2015
Robert Sitnik; William Puech, Editor(s)

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