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Proceedings Paper

Parallel and simultaneous spatial mode conversion using photorefractive crystal for photonic cross-connect
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we present a novel technology for photonic cross-connect (PXC) in spatial mode domain for the realization of advanced and flexible optical transmission of spatial modes. The PXC is a kind of all -optical devices to switch highspeed optical signals for mode-division multiplexing (MDM) network and it is able to perform signal labeling in the spatial mode domain similar to current photonic switching in the wavelength domain. In addition, parallel and simultaneous mode conversion can be realized using multiplex holograms in a photorefractive crystal (PRC). In our experiment, during the recording process, a rewritable hologram is recorded in the PRC (LiNbO3) through the interference between the signal beam with certain input mode and the reference beam with the phase distribution of the desired output mode. Signal beams are generated by computer generated hologram (CGH) using a spatial light modulator (SLM) instead of an optical fiber emergent beam, and reference beams are generated by phase only modulation using another SLM. Subsequently, during the converting process, the input signal beam is converted into the desired output mode through the holographic diffract ion in the crystal and free-space propagation by an optical lens. By using phase code multiplexing method, parallel mode conversions can be realized. We performed an experiment on parallel mode conversions of several different conversion pairs. Signal beams and reference beams intersected in the PRC with an angle of 18.43 degree. The intensity distributions of converted modes were observed by CCD camera set on the Fourier plane. We confirmed that the two modes inter-conversion of LP11 with LP21 was successfully implemented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9389, Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems IV, 93890H (7 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078767
Show Author Affiliations
Yanfeng Zhao, Hokkaido Univ. (Japan)
Atsushi Okamoto, Hokkaido Univ. (Japan)
Tomohiro Maeda, Hokkaido Univ. (Japan)
Yuki Hirasaki, Hokkaido Univ. (Japan)
Akihisa Tomita, Hokkaido Univ. (Japan)
Masatoshi Bunsen, Fukuoka Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9389:
Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems IV
Guifang Li; Xiang Zhou, Editor(s)

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