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Proceedings Paper

Monolithically integrated microfluidic nanoporous gold disk (NPGD) surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor for rapid and label-free biomolecular detection
Author(s): Ming Li; Fusheng Zhao; Jianbo Zeng; Greggy M. Santos; Wei-Chuan Shih
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Paper Abstract

We present a novel microfluidic surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor for rapid and label-free biomolecular detection. Our sensor design mitigates a common limiting factor in microfluidic SERS sensors that utilize integrated nanostructures: low-efficiency transport of biomolecules to nanostructured surface which adversely impacts sensitivity. Our strategy is to increase the total usable nanostructured surface area, which provides more adsorption sites for biomolecules. Specifically, nanoporous gold disk (NPGD) array, a highly effective SERS substrate, has been monolithically integrated inside a microfluidic chip. Individual NPGD is known to feature an order of magnitude larger surface area than its projected disk area. The increased surface area arises from nanoscale pores and ligaments 3- dimensionally distributed in the NPGD, which manifest themselves as high-density SERS hot-spots. High-density NPGD arrays further guarantee large coverage of these hot-spots on the microchannel floor. The SERS-active NPGD arrays enable highly-reproducible SERS measurements with relative intensity variations from 8% to -8%. R6G solutions in the concentrations ranging from 1 μM to 1 mM have been detected and quantitatively evaluated, and the performance of the sensor in continuous-flow condition has been assessed. Moreover, the sensor’s capabilities have been studied by detecting and identifying a physiological metabolite (urea), and the results show lower detection limit compared to best results from most recent work using integrated nanostructured surface inside microchannels. We expect that the sensor would be applicable for detecting, identifying and quantifying molecules for some point-of-care applications, i.e. urine screening.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9320, Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XIII, 93200K (5 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078519
Show Author Affiliations
Ming Li, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Fusheng Zhao, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Jianbo Zeng, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Greggy M. Santos, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Wei-Chuan Shih, Univ. of Houston (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9320:
Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XIII
Bonnie L. Gray; Holger Becker, Editor(s)

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