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Proceedings Paper

Application of new optical coherence elastography to monitor the mineralization processing in bone tissue engineering constructs
Author(s): Guangying Guan; Shaozhen Song; Zhihong Huang; Ying Yang
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Paper Abstract

Generation of functional tissue in vitro through tissue engineering technique is a promising direction to repair and replace malfunctioned organ and tissue in the modern medicine for various diseases which could not been treated well by conventional therapy. Similar to the embryo development, the generation of tissue in vitro is a highly dynamic processing. Obtaining the feedback of the processing real time is highly demanded. In this study, a new methodology has been explored aiming to monitor the morphological and mechanical property alteration of bone tissue engineering constructs simultaneously. Optical coherence elastography (OCE) equipped with a LDS V201 permanent magnet shaker and a modulated acoustic radiation force (ARF) to provide a vibration signal, has been used for the real time and non-destructive monitoring. A phantom construct system has been used to optimize the measurement conditions in which agar hydrogel with concentration from 0, 0.75 to 2% with/without hydroxyappatite particles have been injected to 3D porous poly (lactic acid) scaffolds to simulate the collagenous extracellular matrix (ECM) and mineralized ECM. The structural and elastography images of the constructs have clearly demonstrated the linear relation with the increased mechanical property versus the increase of agar concentration within the pores of the scaffolds. The MG63 bone cells seeded in the scaffolds and cultured for 4 weeks have been monitored by the established protocol exhibiting the increased mechanical strength in the pore wall where the ECM or mineralized ECM was assumed to be formed in comparison to empty pores. This study confirms that OCE-ARF could become a valuable tool in regenerative medicine to assess the biological events during in vitro culture and conditioning.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9322, Dynamics and Fluctuations in Biomedical Photonics XII, 93220G (5 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078013
Show Author Affiliations
Guangying Guan, Univ. of Dundee (United Kingdom)
Shaozhen Song, Univ. of Dundee (United Kingdom)
Zhihong Huang, Univ. of Dundee (United Kingdom)
Ying Yang, Keele Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9322:
Dynamics and Fluctuations in Biomedical Photonics XII
Valery V. Tuchin; Kirill V. Larin; Martin J. Leahy; Ruikang K. Wang, Editor(s)

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