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Proceedings Paper

Influence of shear strains on the phase of light transmitted through single-mode fiber optic strain sensors
Author(s): David W. Jensen; Suresh P. Pai
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Paper Abstract

Since the well-known demonstration of a fiber-optic strain gage by Butter and Hocker in 1978, significant refinements have been made in the area of fiber optic sensing, enabling the measurement of many different physical quantities, including strain, displacement, linear and circular acceleration, temperature, degree of cure in plastics, chemical compositions, pressure, acoustic waves, and fluid flow rates. Both analytical and experimental efforts have contributed to our current understanding of the relationship between the elongation of a host medium and phase changes in the light passing through an optical fiber. This paper describes research which partially fills in the remaining gap by quantifying the influence of shear strains on the phase change of light passing through an embedded optical fiber. In this experiment, optical fibers were embedded in 18-inch long by 2.25-inch diameter composite tubes. Three tubes were fabricated with axial fibers and one with a helical fiber, using a hand layup fabrication technique. These tubes were also instrumented with two strain gage rosettes. The tubes were subjected to pure torsional loads while the surface strains and the fiber-optic phase changes were measured. A modified all-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer with active homodyne feedback was used to determine the phase changes in the optical fibers due to the applied strains. The phase changes were also predicted using fundamental concepts of structural mechanics and existing phase-strain models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 1995
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2574, Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop, (20 April 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.207764
Show Author Affiliations
David W. Jensen, Brigham Young Univ. (United States)
Suresh P. Pai, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2574:
Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop
Eric Udd, Editor(s)

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