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Proceedings Paper

Luminescence of (Mg,Zn)Al2O4:Tb mixed spinel thin films prepared by spin-coating
Author(s): R. E. Kroon; W. A. I. Tabaza; H. C. Swart
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Paper Abstract

MgAl2O4 and ZnAl2O4 both have the spinel structure and similar lattice constants, but the bandgap of MgAl2O4 is about double that of ZnAl2O4, making it interesting to consider the mixed spinel (MgxZn1-x)Al2O4 as a possible host for luminescent ions. Prior to preparing thin films, the Mg:Zn ratio and Tb concentration were optimized for green luminescence from the 5D4 - 7F5 transition of Tb3+ ions using nanocrystalline samples prepared by combustion synthesis. Thin films with x = 0.75 and 0.5 mol% Tb were spin-coated on Si(100) substrates using a solution of the nitrates of Mg, Zn, Al and Tb in ethanol, with ethylene glycol as complexing agent. Samples about 200 nm thick were obtained by sequentially depositing 10 layers at 3000 rpm for 30 s. Samples were annealed for 1 h in air before measuring their luminescence properties. For the sample annealed at 600 °C, x-ray diffraction showed the thin film had a strong (111) preferential orientation. Atomic force microscopy revealed a root means square roughness of 1 nm and Auger electron spectroscopy depth profiles showed a uniform layer with a sharp interface at the Si substrate. With an increase in annealing temperature up to 1000 °C, the luminescence increased while the surface became slightly rougher and the layer-substrate interface more interdiffused. Annealing the samples at 1200 °C resulted in diffusion of Si through the layer and the formation of an additional phase. While the green Tb emission was slightly reduced, blue emission from the 5D3 level of Tb3+ was greatly enhanced in these samples.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9359, Optical Components and Materials XII, 93591K (16 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2077585
Show Author Affiliations
R. E. Kroon, Univ. of the Free State (South Africa)
W. A. I. Tabaza, Univ. of the Free State (South Africa)
Islamic Univ. (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)
H. C. Swart, Univ. of the Free State (South Africa)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9359:
Optical Components and Materials XII
Shibin Jiang; Michel J. F. Digonnet, Editor(s)

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