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Proceedings Paper

Efficient processing of CFRP with a picosecond laser with up to 1.4 kW average power
Author(s): V. Onuseit; C. Freitag; M. Wiedenmann; R. Weber; Jan-Philipp Negel; André Löscher; M. Abdou Ahmed; T. Graf
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Paper Abstract

Laser processing of carbon fiber reinforce plastic (CFRP) is a very promising method to solve a lot of the challenges for large-volume production of lightweight constructions in automotive and airplane industries. However, the laser process is actual limited by two main issues. First the quality might be reduced due to thermal damage and second the high process energy needed for sublimation of the carbon fibers requires laser sources with high average power for productive processing. To achieve thermal damage of the CFRP of less than 10μm intensities above 108 W/cm² are needed. To reach these high intensities in the processing area ultra-short pulse laser systems are favored. Unfortunately the average power of commercially available laser systems is up to now in the range of several tens to a few hundred Watt. To sublimate the carbon fibers a large volume specific enthalpy of 85 J/mm³ is necessary. This means for example that cutting of 2 mm thick material with a kerf width of 0.2 mm with industry-typical 100 mm/sec requires several kilowatts of average power. At the IFSW a thin-disk multipass amplifier yielding a maximum average output power of 1100 W (300 kHz, 8 ps, 3.7 mJ) allowed for the first time to process CFRP at this average power and pulse energy level with picosecond pulse duration. With this unique laser system cutting of CFRP with a thickness of 2 mm an effective average cutting speed of 150 mm/sec with a thermal damage below 10μm was demonstrated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9350, Laser Applications in Microelectronic and Optoelectronic Manufacturing (LAMOM) XX, 935012 (4 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2077457
Show Author Affiliations
V. Onuseit, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
C. Freitag, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
M. Wiedenmann, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
R. Weber, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Jan-Philipp Negel, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
André Löscher, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
M. Abdou Ahmed, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
T. Graf, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9350:
Laser Applications in Microelectronic and Optoelectronic Manufacturing (LAMOM) XX
Stephan Roth; Yoshiki Nakata; Beat Neuenschwander; Xianfan Xu, Editor(s)

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