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Proceedings Paper

Differential pulse amplitude modulation for multiple-input single-output OWVLC
Author(s): S. H. Yang; D. H. Kwon; S. J. Kim; Y. H. Son; S. K. Han
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Paper Abstract

White light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are widely used for lighting due to their energy efficiency, eco-friendly, and small size than previously light sources such as incandescent, fluorescent bulbs and so on. Optical wireless visible light communication (OWVLC) based on LED merges lighting and communications in applications such as indoor lighting, traffic signals, vehicles, and underwater communications because LED can be easily modulated. However, physical bandwidth of LED is limited about several MHz by slow time constant of the phosphor and characteristics of device. Therefore, using the simplest modulation format which is non-return-zero on-off-keying (NRZ-OOK), the data rate reaches only to dozens Mbit/s. Thus, to improve the transmission capacity, optical filtering and pre-, post-equalizer are adapted. Also, high-speed wireless connectivity is implemented using spectrally efficient modulation methods: orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) or discrete multi-tone (DMT). However, these modulation methods need additional digital signal processing such as FFT and IFFT, thus complexity of transmitter and receiver is increasing. To reduce the complexity of transmitter and receiver, we proposed a novel modulation scheme which is named differential pulse amplitude modulation. The proposed modulation scheme transmits different NRZ-OOK signals with same amplitude and unit time delay using each LED chip, respectively. The ‘N’ parallel signals from LEDs are overlapped and directly detected at optical receiver. Received signal is demodulated by power difference between unit time slots. The proposed scheme can overcome the bandwidth limitation of LEDs and data rate can be improved according to number of LEDs without complex digital signal processing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9387, Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX, 93870U (7 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2077444
Show Author Affiliations
S. H. Yang, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
D. H. Kwon, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
S. J. Kim, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Y. H. Son, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
S. K. Han, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9387:
Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX
Benjamin B. Dingel; Katsutoshi Tsukamoto, Editor(s)

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