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Proceedings Paper

Spatial distributing characteristics of land use in the southern slope of mid-Himalaya Mountains
Author(s): Chen Lu
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Paper Abstract

The southern slope of mid-Himalayan Mountains located in China’s Qomolangma National Natural Reserve in Tibet Autonomous Region, is made up of several non-continuous valleys. The study collected the data including DEM(SRTM90m), 1/250,000 land use map(year 2000), 1/100 million vegetation types map ,satellite images of 4 typical valleys on Google Earth Planet Map. Made use of ArcGIS9.3 spatial analysis technology, analyzed into the 2 aspects— Mountain altitudinal belts and slope gradient of soil types of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, so as to abtain the spatial distributing characteristics of farmland and grassland in the research areas. The conclusions indicates that: (1)no farmland below 2200m altitude, land use is influenced intensively by slope gradient factor in the altitude range of < 2500m; (2)it is in 2500m-3800m altitude range meanwhile on the 2 farming suitable slope gradient belts(<5°, 5-15°) that the very focus zone has got the relatively larger potential, suitability and yield of farming utilization; (3)on the 3 grazing suitable slope gradient belts(<5°,5-15°,15-35°), the respective fodder quantities of the 4 valleys has low differences. land use of the 4 valleys are intensively restricted by altitude and slope gradient factors so that cultivating and grazing activities take place widely on the farming unsuitable slope gradient belts(15-35°,>35°) and grazing unsuitable slope gradient belt(>35°), which is disadvantaged to ecological environmental protection and rational utilization of land resources.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 December 2014
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9260, Land Surface Remote Sensing II, 92604N (9 December 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2077211
Show Author Affiliations
Chen Lu, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (China)
Institute of Science and Technology Information (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9260:
Land Surface Remote Sensing II
Thomas J. Jackson; Jing Ming Chen; Peng Gong; Shunlin Liang, Editor(s)

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