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Proceedings Paper

Interferometric phase measurement techniques for coherent beam combining
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Paper Abstract

Coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers provides an attractive mean of reaching high power laser. In an interferometric phase measurement the beams issued for each fiber combined are imaged onto a sensor and interfere with a reference plane wave. This registration of interference patterns on a camera allows the measurement of the exact phase error of each fiber beam in a single shot. Therefore, this method is a promising candidate toward very large number of combined fibers. Based on this technique, several architectures can be proposed to coherently combine a high number of fibers. The first one based on digital holography transfers directly the image of the camera to spatial light modulator (SLM). The generated hologram is used to compensate the phase errors induced by the amplifiers. This architecture has therefore a collective phase measurement and correction. Unlike previous digital holography technique, the probe beams measuring the phase errors between the fibers are co-propagating with the phase-locked signal beams. This architecture is compatible with the use of multi-stage isolated amplifying fibers. In that case, only 20 pixels per fiber on the SLM are needed to obtain a residual phase shift error below λ/10rms. The second proposed architecture calculates the correction applied to each fiber channel by tracking the relative position of the interference finges. In this case, a phase modulator is placed on each channel. In that configuration, only 8 pixels per fiber on the camera is required for a stable close loop operation with a residual phase error of λ/20rms, which demonstrates the scalability of this concept.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9344, Fiber Lasers XII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 93441T (4 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2076721
Show Author Affiliations
Marie Antier, Thales Research and Technology (France)
Jérôme Bourderionnet, Thales Research and Technology (France)
Christian Larat, Thales Research & Technology (France)
Eric Lallier, Thales Research and Technology (France)
Jérôme Primot, ONERA (France)
Arnaud Brignon, Thales Research and Technology (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9344:
Fiber Lasers XII: Technology, Systems, and Applications
L. Brandon Shaw, Editor(s)

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