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Proceedings Paper

Watermarked cardiac CT image segmentation using deformable models and the Hermite transform
Author(s): Sandra L. Gomez-Coronel; Ernesto Moya-Albor; Boris Escalante-Ramírez; Jorge Brieva
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Paper Abstract

Medical image watermarking is an open area for research and is a solution for the protection of copyright and intellectual property. One of the main challenges of this problem is that the marked images should not differ perceptually from the original images allowing a correct diagnosis and authentication. Furthermore, we also aim at obtaining watermarked images with very little numerical distortion so that computer vision tasks such as segmentation of important anatomical structures do not be impaired or affected. We propose a preliminary watermarking application in cardiac CT images based on a perceptive approach that includes a brightness model to generate a perceptive mask and identify the image regions where the watermark detection becomes a difficult task for the human eye. We propose a normalization scheme of the image in order to improve robustness against geometric attacks. We follow a spread spectrum technique to insert an alphanumeric code, such as patient’s information, within the watermark. The watermark scheme is based on the Hermite transform as a bio-inspired image representation model. In order to evaluate the numerical integrity of the image data after watermarking, we perform a segmentation task based on deformable models. The segmentation technique is based on a vector-value level sets method such that, given a curve in a specific image, and subject to some constraints, the curve can evolve in order to detect objects. In order to stimulate the curve evolution we introduce simultaneously some image features like the gray level and the steered Hermite coefficients as texture descriptors. Segmentation performance was assessed by means of the Dice index and the Hausdorff distance. We tested different mark sizes and different insertion schemes on images that were later segmented either automatic or manual by physicians.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 2015
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9287, 10th International Symposium on Medical Information Processing and Analysis, 928717 (28 January 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2073432
Show Author Affiliations
Sandra L. Gomez-Coronel, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (Mexico)
Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Mexico)
Ernesto Moya-Albor, Univ. Panamericana (Mexico)
Boris Escalante-Ramírez, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México (Mexico)
Jorge Brieva, Univ. Panamericana (Mexico)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9287:
10th International Symposium on Medical Information Processing and Analysis
Eduardo Romero; Natasha Lepore, Editor(s)

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