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Proceedings Paper

Examination of the angular dependence of the SNPP VIIRS solar diffuser BRDF degradation factor
Author(s): Ning Lei; Kwofu Chiang; Xiaoxiong Xiong
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Paper Abstract

Modern Earth-orbiting Earth-observing remote sensing sensors often use onboard solar diffusers (SD) to calibrate their reflective solar bands (RSB), such as the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) aboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) satellite. The SD’s optical scattering property is measured by a bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF). Once on orbit, the BRDF is found to degrade over time and the degradation factor is determined by, in the case of the SNPP VIIRS, an onboard solar diffuser stability monitor (SDSM) which observes the SD at a fixed view angle (relative to the SD surface). The SNPP VIIRS RSB however, observes the SD at a different angle. It is conventionally assumed (for cases like VIIRS) that the angular dependence of the BRDF degradation factor is negligible and hence the degradation factor determined by the SDSM is used to calibrate the RSB. We examine the angular dependence of the SNPP VIIRS SD BRDF degradation factor. We find that the degradation factor is clearly angle dependent when the SD BRDF degrades enough (< 0.98), and the larger the degradation the stronger the dependency.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 September 2014
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 9218, Earth Observing Systems XIX, 92181N (25 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2065511
Show Author Affiliations
Ning Lei, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Kwofu Chiang, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Xiaoxiong Xiong, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9218:
Earth Observing Systems XIX
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong (Jack) Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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