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Proceedings Paper

Gas sensing using wavelength modulation spectroscopy
Author(s): D. Viveiros; J. Ribeiro; D. Flores; J. Ferreira; O. Frazao; J. L. Santos; J. M. Baptista
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Paper Abstract

An experimental setup has been developed for different gas species sensing based on the Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy (WMS) principle. The target is the measurement of ammonia, carbon dioxide and methane concentrations. The WMS is a rather sensitive technique for detecting atomic/molecular species presenting the advantage that it can be used in the near-infrared region using optical telecommunications technology. In this technique, the laser wavelength and intensity are modulated applying a sine wave signal through the injection current, which allows the shift of the detection bandwidth to higher frequencies where laser intensity noise is reduced. The wavelength modulated laser light is tuned to the absorption line of the target gas and the absorption information can be retrieved by means of synchronous detection using a lock-in amplifier, where the amplitude of the second harmonic of the laser modulation frequency is proportional to the gas concentration. The amplitude of the second harmonic is normalised by the average laser intensity and detector gain through a LabVIEW® application, where the main advantage of normalising is that the effects of laser output power fluctuations and any variations in laser transmission, or optical-electrical detector gain are eliminated. Two types of sensing heads based on free space light propagation with different optical path length were used, permitting redundancy operation and technology validation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 August 2014
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 9286, Second International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 92863U (22 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2063811
Show Author Affiliations
D. Viveiros, INESC Porto (Portugal)
J. Ribeiro, Univ. do Porto (Portugal)
D. Flores, Univ. do Porto (Portugal)
J. Ferreira, INESC Porto (Portugal)
O. Frazao, INESC Porto (Portugal)
J. L. Santos, INESC Porto (Portugal)
Univ. do Porto (Portugal)
J. M. Baptista, INESC Porto (Portugal)
Univ. da Madeira (Portugal)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9286:
Second International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics
Manuel Filipe P. C. Martins Costa; Rogério Nunes Nogueira, Editor(s)

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