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Proceedings Paper

Einstein's osmotic equilibrium of colloidal suspensions in conservative force fields
Author(s): Jinxin Fu; H. Daniel Ou-Yang
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Paper Abstract

Predicted by Einstein in his 1905 paper on Brownian motion, colloidal particles in suspension reach osmotic equilibrium under gravity. The idea was demonstrated by J.B. Perrin to win Nobel Prize in Physics in 1926. We show Einstein’s equation for osmotic equilibrium can be applied to colloids in a conservative force field generated by optical gradient forces. We measure the osmotic equation of state of 100nm Polystyrene latex particles in the presence of KCl salt and PEG polymer. We also obtain the osmotic compressibility, which is important for determining colloidal stability and the internal chemical potential, which is useful for predicting the phase transition of colloidal systems. This generalization allows for the use of any conservative force fields for systems ranging from colloidal systems to macromolecular solutions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 September 2014
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9164, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XI, 91641V (16 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2062169
Show Author Affiliations
Jinxin Fu, Lehigh Univ. (United States)
H. Daniel Ou-Yang, Lehigh Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9164:
Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XI
Kishan Dholakia; Gabriel C. Spalding, Editor(s)

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