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Proceedings Paper

An evaluation to design high performance pinhole array detector module for four head SPECT: a simulation study
Author(s): Tasneem Rahman; Murat Tahtali; Mark R. Pickering
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Paper Abstract

The purpose of this study is to derive optimized parameters for a detector module employing an off-the-shelf X-ray camera and a pinhole array collimator applicable for a range of different SPECT systems. Monte Carlo simulations using the Geant4 application for tomographic emission (GATE) were performed to estimate the performance of the pinhole array collimators and were compared to that of low energy high resolution (LEHR) parallel-hole collimator in a four head SPECT system. A detector module was simulated to have 48 mm by 48 mm active area along with 1mm, 1.6mm and 2 mm pinhole aperture sizes at 0.48 mm pitch on a tungsten plate. Perpendicular lead septa were employed to verify overlapping and non-overlapping projections against a proper acceptance angle without lead septa. A uniform shape cylindrical water phantom was used to evaluate the performance of the proposed four head SPECT system of the pinhole array detector module. For each head, 100 pinhole configurations were evaluated based on sensitivity and detection efficiency for 140 keV ɣ-rays, and compared to LEHR parallel-hole collimator. SPECT images were reconstructed based on filtered back projection (FBP) algorithm where neither scatter nor attenuation corrections were performed. A better reconstruction algorithm development for this specific system is in progress. Nevertheless, activity distribution was well visualized using the backprojection algorithm. In this study, we have evaluated several quantitative and comparative analyses for a pinhole array imaging system providing high detection efficiency and better system sensitivity over a large FOV, comparing to the conventional four head SPECT system. The proposed detector module is expected to provide improved performance in various SPECT imaging.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 September 2014
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9212, Developments in X-Ray Tomography IX, 92120K (11 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061634
Show Author Affiliations
Tasneem Rahman, Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)
Murat Tahtali, Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)
Mark R. Pickering, Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9212:
Developments in X-Ray Tomography IX
Stuart R. Stock, Editor(s)

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