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Proceedings Paper

Status of time-dependent response versus scan-angle (RVS) for Terra and Aqua MODIS reflective solar bands
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Paper Abstract

The MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) has 20 reflective solar bands (RSB), which are calibrated using a solar diffuser (SD) and near-monthly scheduled lunar observations via a space view (SV) port. The sensor responses observed at two different angles of incidence (AOI) from the SD and lunar measurements are used to track the on-orbit RSB gain changes as well as the response versus scan-angle (RVS) changes. The MODIS RSB have experienced wavelength dependent degradation since launch with the larger degradation observed at the shorter wavelengths. In addition to the SD and lunar observations, the MODIS Characterization Support Team (MCST) regularly monitors the response trending at multiple AOI over selected desert sites. In Collection 6 (C6), a new algorithm using the EV measurements from pseudoinvariant desert sites was developed to better characterize the MODIS scan-angle dependence and it led to a significant improvement in the long-term calibration consistency of the MODIS Level 1B (L1B) products. This approach is formulated for all RSB, and its application was recently extended to Terra band 10, leading to a significant improvement in the ocean-color products. This paper discusses the current status and performance of the on-orbit RVS characterization as applied in C6. Also, the various challenges and future improvement strategies associated with trending the EV response for the high-gain ocean bands are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 September 2014
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9218, Earth Observing Systems XIX, 92181P (25 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061098
Show Author Affiliations
Xu Geng, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Amit Angal, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Junqiang Sun, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Hongda Chen, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Aisheng Wu, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Yonghong Li, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Daniel Link, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
Xiaoxiong Xiong, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9218:
Earth Observing Systems XIX
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong (Jack) Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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