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Proceedings Paper

Tracking filter initialization with Doppler-biased multistatic time-of-arrival measurements
Author(s): Wenbo Dou; Yaakov Bar-Shalom; Peter K. Willett
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Paper Abstract

We discuss the multistatic target tracking problem in which the target is illuminated by Doppler tolerant waveforms (DTW). DTW introduce a bias to the true time-of-arrival, as a result of which the corresponding range measurement accuracy is degraded when this bias is ignored. An important part in the design of a tracking filter using nonlinear measurements is the initialization: the initial state estimate should be unbiased and the associated covariance should be consistent with the errors. This paper presents a maximum likelihood based method as well as a simpler iterative bias cancellation method to initialize a tracking filter from two observation frames. The iterative method makes it possible to obtain unbiased initial position and velocity estimates by canceling out the Doppler bias. Simulation results show that both estimators are efficient.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 June 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9092, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2014, 90920O (13 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2060753
Show Author Affiliations
Wenbo Dou, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Yaakov Bar-Shalom, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Peter K. Willett, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9092:
Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2014
Oliver E. Drummond, Editor(s)

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