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Proceedings Paper

Circular SAR GMTI
Author(s): Douglas Page; Gregory Owirka; Howard Nichols; Steven Scarborough
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Paper Abstract

We describe techniques for improving ground moving target indication (GMTI) performance in multi-channel synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems. Our approach employs a combination of moving reference processing (MRP) to compensate for defocus of moving target SAR responses and space-time adaptive processing (STAP) to mitigate the effects of strong clutter interference. Using simulated moving target and clutter returns, we demonstrate focusing of the target return using MRP, and discuss the effect of MRP on the clutter response. We also describe formation of adaptive degrees of freedom (DOFs) for STAP filtering of MRP processed data. For the simulated moving target in clutter example, we demonstrate improvement in the signal to interference plus noise (SINR) loss compared to more standard algorithm configurations. In addition to MRP and STAP, the use of tracker feedback, false alarm mitigation, and parameter estimation techniques are also described. A change detection approach for reducing false alarms from clutter discretes is outlined, and processing of a measured data coherent processing interval (CPI) from a continuously orbiting platform is described. The results demonstrate detection and geolocation of a high-value target under track. The endoclutter target is not clearly visible in single-channel SAR chips centered on the GMTI track prediction. Detections are compared to truth data before and after geolocation using measured angle of arrival (AOA).

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 June 2014
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9093, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XXI, 90930P (13 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2058260
Show Author Affiliations
Douglas Page, BAE Systems (United States)
Gregory Owirka, BAE Systems (United States)
Howard Nichols, BAE Systems (United States)
Steven Scarborough, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9093:
Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XXI
Edmund Zelnio; Frederick D. Garber, Editor(s)

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