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Proceedings Paper

Demonstration of vortex coronagraph concepts for on-axis telescopes on the Palomar Stellar Double Coronagraph
Author(s): Dimitri Mawet; Chris Shelton; James Wallace; Michael Bottom; Jonas Kuhn; Bertrand Mennesson; Rick Burruss; Randy Bartos; Laurent Pueyo; Alexis Carlotti; Eugene Serabyn
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Paper Abstract

Here we present preliminary results of the integration of two recently proposed vortex coronagraph (VC) concepts for on-axis telescopes on the Stellar Double Coronagraph (SDC) bench behind PALM-3000, the extreme adaptive optics system of the 200-inch Hale telescope of Palomar observatory. The multi-stage vortex coronagraph (MSVC) uses the ability of the vortex to move light in and out of apertures through multiple VC in series to restore the nominal attenuation capability of the charge 2 vortex regardless of the aperture obscurations. The ring-apodized vortex coronagraph (RAVC) is a one-stage apodizer exploiting the VC Lyot-plane amplitude distribution in order to perfectly null the diffraction from any central obscuration size, and for any vortex topological charge. The RAVC is thus a simple concept that makes the VC immune to diffraction effects of the secondary mirror. It combines a vortex phase mask in the image plane with a single pupil-based amplitude ring apodizer, tailor-made to exploit the unique convolution properties of the VC at the Lyot-stop plane. The prototype apodizer uses the same microdot technology that was used to manufacture the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph (APLC) equipping SPHERE, GPI and P1640.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 August 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9143, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2014: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 91432T (28 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2057274
Show Author Affiliations
Dimitri Mawet, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Chris Shelton, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
James Wallace, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Michael Bottom, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Jonas Kuhn, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Bertrand Mennesson, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Rick Burruss, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Randy Bartos, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Laurent Pueyo, Space Telescope Science Institute (United States)
Alexis Carlotti, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble, CNRS, Univ. Joseph Fourier (France)
Eugene Serabyn, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9143:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2014: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
Jacobus M. Oschmann Jr.; Mark Clampin; Giovanni G. Fazio; Howard A. MacEwen, Editor(s)

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