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Proceedings Paper

The problem of scattering in fibre-fed VPH spectrographs and possible solutions
Author(s): S. C. Ellis; Will Saunders; Chris Betters; Scott Croom
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Paper Abstract

All spectrographs unavoidably scatter light. Scattering in the spectral direction is problematic for sky subtraction, since atmospheric spectral lines are blurred. Scattering in the spatial direction is problematic for fibre fed spectrographs, since it limits how closely fibres can be packed together. We investigate the nature of this scattering and show that the scattering wings have both a Lorentzian component, and a shallower (1/r) component. We investigate the causes of this from a theoretical perspective, and argue that for the spectral PSF the Lorentzian wings are in part due to the profile of the illumination of the pupil of the spectrograph onto the diffraction grating, whereas the shallower component is from bulk scattering. We then investigate ways to mitigate the diffractive scattering by apodising the pupil. In the ideal case of a Gaussian apodised pupil, the scattering can be significantly improved. Finally we look at realistic models of the spectrograph pupils of fibre fed spectrographs with a centrally obstructed telescope, and show that it is possible to apodise the pupil through non-telecentric injection into the fibre.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 July 2014
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 9151, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation, 91511V (28 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2057108
Show Author Affiliations
S. C. Ellis, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Will Saunders, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Chris Betters, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Scott Croom, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151:
Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation
Ramón Navarro; Colin R. Cunningham; Allison A. Barto, Editor(s)

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