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Proceedings Paper

MUSE field splitter unit: fan-shaped separator for 24 integral field units
Author(s): Florence Laurent; Edgard Renault; Heiko Anwand; Didier Boudon; Patrick Caillier; Johan Kosmalski; Magali Loupias; Harald Nicklas; Walter Seifert; Yves Salaun; Wenli Xu
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Paper Abstract

MUSE (Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer) is a second generation Very Large Telescope (VLT) integral field spectrograph developed for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). It combines a 1’ x 1’ field of view sampled at 0.2 arcsec for its Wide Field Mode (WFM) and a 7.5"x7.5" field of view for its Narrow Field Mode (NFM). Both modes will operate with the improved spatial resolution provided by GALACSI (Ground Atmospheric Layer Adaptive Optics for Spectroscopic Imaging), that will use the VLT deformable secondary mirror and 4 Laser Guide Stars (LGS) foreseen in 2015. MUSE operates in the visible wavelength range (0.465-0.93 μm). A consortium of seven institutes is currently commissioning MUSE in the Very Large Telescope for the Preliminary Acceptance in Chile, scheduled for September, 2014. MUSE is composed of several subsystems which are under the responsibility of each institute. The Fore Optics derotates and anamorphoses the image at the focal plane. A Splitting and Relay Optics feed the 24 identical Integral Field Units (IFU), that are mounted within a large monolithic instrument mechanical structure. Each IFU incorporates an image slicer, a fully refractive spectrograph with VPH-grating and a detector system connected to a global vacuum and cryogenic system. During 2012 and 2013, all MUSE subsystems were integrated, aligned and tested to the P.I. institute at Lyon. After successful PAE in September 2013, MUSE instrument was shipped to the Very Large Telescope in Chile where it was aligned and tested in ESO integration hall at Paranal. After, MUSE was directly transferred in monolithic way onto VLT telescope where the first light was achieved. This paper describes the MUSE main optical component: the Field Splitter Unit. It splits the VLT image into 24 subfields and provides the first separation of the beam for the 24 Integral Field Units. This talk depicts its manufacturing at Winlight Optics and its alignment into MUSE instrument. The success of the MUSE alignment is demonstrated by the excellent results obtained onto MUSE positioning, image quality and throughput onto the sky. MUSE commissioning at the VLT is planned for September, 2014.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2014
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 9151, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation, 91511U (7 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2057088
Show Author Affiliations
Florence Laurent, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Edgard Renault, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Heiko Anwand, Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Didier Boudon, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Patrick Caillier, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Johan Kosmalski, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Magali Loupias, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Harald Nicklas, Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Walter Seifert, Landessternwarte Heidelberg (Germany)
Yves Salaun, Winlight Optics (France)
Wenli Xu, Optical System Engineering (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151:
Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation
Ramón Navarro; Colin R. Cunningham; Allison A. Barto, Editor(s)

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