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Proceedings Paper

MOONS: the Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph for the VLT
Author(s): M. Cirasuolo; J. Afonso; M. Carollo; H. Flores; R. Maiolino; E. Oliva; S. Paltani; Leonardo Vanzi; Christopher Evans; M. Abreu; David Atkinson; C. Babusiaux; Steven Beard; F. Bauer; M. Bellazzini; Ralf Bender; P. Best; N. Bezawada; P. Bonifacio; A. Bragaglia; I. Bryson; D. Busher; A. Cabral; K. Caputi; M. Centrone; F. Chemla; A. Cimatti; M-R. Cioni; G. Clementini; J. Coelho; D. Crnojevic; E. Daddi; J. Dunlop; S. Eales; S. Feltzing; A. Ferguson; M. Fisher; A. Fontana; J. Fynbo; B. Garilli; G. Gilmore; A. Glauser; I. Guinouard; F. Hammer; P. Hastings; A. Hess; R. Ivison; P. Jagourel; M. Jarvis; L. Kaper; G. Kauffman; A. T. Kitching; A. Lawrence; D. Lee; B. Lemasle; G. Licausi; S. Lilly; D. Lorenzetti; D. Lunney; F. Mannucci; R. McLure; D. Minniti; D. Montgomery; B. Muschielok; K. Nandra; R. Navarro; P. Norberg; S. Oliver; L. Origlia; N. Padilla; J. Peacock; F. Pedichini; J. Peng; L. Pentericci; J. Pragt; M. Puech; S. Randich; P. Rees II; A. Renzini; N. Ryde; M. Rodrigues; I. Roseboom; F. Royer; R. Saglia; A. Sanchez; R. Schiavon; H. Schnetler; D. Sobral; R. Speziali; D. Sun; R. Stuik; A. Taylor; W. Taylor; S. Todd; E. Tolstoy; M. Torres; M. Tosi; E. Vanzella; L. Venema; F. Vitali; M. Wegner; M. Wells; V. Wild; G. Wright; G. Zamorani; M. Zoccali
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Paper Abstract

MOONS is a new Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph selected by ESO as a third generation instrument for the Very Large Telescope (VLT). The grasp of the large collecting area offered by the VLT (8.2m diameter), combined with the large multiplex and wavelength coverage (optical to near-IR: 0.8μm - 1.8μm) of MOONS will provide the European astronomical community with a powerful, unique instrument able to pioneer a wide range of Galactic, Extragalactic and Cosmological studies and provide crucial follow-up for major facilities such as Gaia, VISTA, Euclid and LSST. MOONS has the observational power needed to unveil galaxy formation and evolution over the entire history of the Universe, from stars in our Milky Way, through the redshift desert, and up to the epoch of very first galaxies and re-ionization of the Universe at redshift z>8-9, just few million years after the Big Bang. On a timescale of 5 years of observations, MOONS will provide high quality spectra for >3M stars in our Galaxy and the local group, and for 1-2M galaxies at z>1 (SDSS-like survey), promising to revolutionise our understanding of the Universe. The baseline design consists of ~1000 fibers deployable over a field of view of ~500 square arcmin, the largest patrol field offered by the Nasmyth focus at the VLT. The total wavelength coverage is 0.8μm-1.8μm and two resolution modes: medium resolution and high resolution. In the medium resolution mode (R~4,000-6,000) the entire wavelength range 0.8μm-1.8μm is observed simultaneously, while the high resolution mode covers simultaneously three selected spectral regions: one around the CaII triplet (at R~8,000) to measure radial velocities, and two regions at R~20,000 one in the J-band and one in the H-band, for detailed measurements of chemical abundances.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 July 2014
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 91470N (8 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2056012
Show Author Affiliations
M. Cirasuolo, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
J. Afonso, Observatorio Astronomico de Lisboa (Portugal)
M. Carollo, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
H. Flores, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
R. Maiolino, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
E. Oliva, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
S. Paltani, Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland)
Leonardo Vanzi, Pontificia Univ. Católica de Chile (Chile)
Christopher Evans, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
M. Abreu, Univ. de Lisboa (Portugal)
David Atkinson, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
C. Babusiaux, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Steven Beard, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
F. Bauer, Pontificia Univ. Católica de Chile (Chile)
M. Bellazzini, Univ. degli Studi di Bologna (Italy)
Ralf Bender, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
P. Best, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
N. Bezawada, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
P. Bonifacio, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
A. Bragaglia, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
I. Bryson, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
D. Busher, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
A. Cabral, Univ. de Lisboa (Portugal)
K. Caputi, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
M. Centrone, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
F. Chemla, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
A. Cimatti, Univ. degli Studi di Bologna (Italy)
M-R. Cioni, Univ. of Hertfordshire (United Kingdom)
G. Clementini, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
J. Coelho, Univ. de Lisboa (Portugal)
D. Crnojevic, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
E. Daddi, CEA-Ctr. de SACLAY (France)
J. Dunlop, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
S. Eales, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
S. Feltzing, Lund Observatory (Sweden)
A. Ferguson, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
M. Fisher, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
A. Fontana, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
J. Fynbo, Dark Cosmology Ctr. (Denmark)
B. Garilli, INAF - IASF Milano (Italy)
G. Gilmore, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
A. Glauser, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
I. Guinouard, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
F. Hammer, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
P. Hastings, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
A. Hess, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
R. Ivison, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
P. Jagourel, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
M. Jarvis, Oxford Univ. (United Kingdom)
L. Kaper, Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoer (Netherlands)
G. Kauffman, Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik (Germany)
A. T. Kitching, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
A. Lawrence, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
D. Lee, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
B. Lemasle, Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoer (Netherlands)
G. Licausi, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
S. Lilly, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
D. Lorenzetti, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
D. Lunney, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
F. Mannucci, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
R. McLure, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
D. Minniti, Pontificia Univ. Católica de Chile (Chile)
D. Montgomery, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
B. Muschielok, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
K. Nandra, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
R. Navarro, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
P. Norberg, Durham Univ. (United Kingdom)
S. Oliver, Univ. of Sussex (United Kingdom)
L. Origlia, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
N. Padilla, Pontificia Univ. Católica de Chile (Chile)
J. Peacock, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
F. Pedichini, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
J. Peng, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
L. Pentericci, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
J. Pragt, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
M. Puech, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
S. Randich, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
P. Rees II, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
A. Renzini, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
N. Ryde, Lund Observatory (Sweden)
M. Rodrigues, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
I. Roseboom, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
F. Royer, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
R. Saglia, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
A. Sanchez, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
R. Schiavon, Liverpool John Moores Univ. (United Kingdom)
H. Schnetler, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
D. Sobral, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
R. Speziali, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
D. Sun, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
R. Stuik, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
A. Taylor, A. Taylor, Institute for Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
W. Taylor, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
S. Todd, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
E. Tolstoy, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute (Netherlands)
M. Torres, Pontificia Univ. Católica de Chile (Chile)
M. Tosi, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico Bologna (Italy)
E. Vanzella, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
L. Venema, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute (Netherlands)
F. Vitali, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (Italy)
M. Wegner, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
M. Wells, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
V. Wild, St. Andrews Univ. (United Kingdom)
G. Wright, UK Astronomy Technology Ctr. (United Kingdom)
G. Zamorani, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
M. Zoccali, Pontificia Univ. Católica de Chile (Chile)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9147:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V
Suzanne K. Ramsay; Ian S. McLean; Hideki Takami, Editor(s)

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