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Proceedings Paper

Real-time estimation of differential piston at the LBT
Author(s): Michael Böhm; Jörg-Uwe Pott; Oliver Sawodny; Tom Herbst; Martin Kürster
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we present and compare different strategies to minimize the effects of telescope vibrations to the differential piston (OPD) for LINC/NIRVANA at the LBT using an accelerometer feedforward compensation approach. We summarize why this technology is of importance for LINC/NIRVANA, but also for future telescopes and instruments. We outline the estimation problem in general and its specifics at the LBT. Model based estimation and broadband filtering techniques can be used to solve the estimation task, each having its own advantages and disadvantages, which will be discussed. Simulation results and measurements at the LBT are shown to motivate and support our choice of the estimation algorithm for the instrument LINC/NIRVANA. We explain our laboratory setup aimed at imitating the vibration behaviour at the LBT in general, and the M2 as main contributor in particular, and we demonstrate the controller's ability to suppress vibrations in the frequency range of 8 Hz to 60 Hz. In this range, telescope vibrations are the most dominant disturbance to the optical path. For our measurements, we introduce a disturbance time series which has a frequency spectrum comparable to what can be measured at the LBT on a typical night. We show promising experimental results, indicating the ability to suppress differential piston induced by telescope vibrations by a factor of about 5 (RMS), which is significantly better than any currently commissioned system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 July 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9145, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes V, 91451B (22 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055833
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Böhm, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Jörg-Uwe Pott, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Oliver Sawodny, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Tom Herbst, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Martin Kürster, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9145:
Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes V
Larry M. Stepp; Roberto Gilmozzi; Helen J. Hall, Editor(s)

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