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Proceedings Paper

4MOST: 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope
Author(s): Roelof S. de Jong; Sam Barden; Olga Bellido-Tirado; Joar Brynnel; Cristina Chiappini; Éric Depagne; Roger Haynes; Diana Johl; Daniel P. Phillips; Olivier Schnurr; Axel D. Schwope; Jakob Walcher; Svend M. Bauer; Gabriele Cescutti; Maria-Rosa L. Cioni; Frank Dionies; Harry Enke; Dionne M. Haynes; Andreas Kelz; Francisco S. Kitaura; Georg Lamer; Ivan Minchev; Volker Müller; Sebastián E. Nuza; Jean-Christophe Olaya; Tilmann Piffl; Emil Popow; Allar Saviauk; Matthias Steinmetz; Uğur Ural; Monica Valentini; Roland Winkler; Lutz Wisotzki; Wolfgang R. Ansorge; Manda Banerji; Eduardo Gonzalez Solares; Mike Irwin; Robert C. Kennicutt Jr.; David L. King; Richard McMahon; Sergey Koposov; Ian R. Parry; Xiaowei Sun; Nicholas A. Walton; Gert Finger; Olaf Iwert; Mirko Krumpe; Jean-Louis Lizon; Vincenzo Mainieri; Jean-Philippe Amans; Piercarlo Bonifacio; Matthieu Cohen; Patrick François; Pascal Jagourel; Shan B. Mignot; Frédéric Royer; Paola Sartoretti; Ralf Bender; Hans-Joachim Hess; Florian Lang-Bardl; Bernard Muschielok; Jörg Schlichter; Hans Böhringer; Thomas Boller; Angela Bongiorno; Marcella Brusa; Tom Dwelly; Andrea Merloni; Kirpal Nandra; Mara Salvato; Johannes H. Pragt; Ramón Navarro; Gerrit Gerlofsma; Ronald Roelfsema; Gavin B. Dalton; Kevin F. Middleton; Ian A. Tosh; Corrado Boeche; Elisabetta Caffau; Norbert Christlieb; Eva K. Grebel; Camilla J. Hansen; Andreas Koch; Hans-G. Ludwig; Holger Mandel; Andreas Quirrenbach; Luca Sbordone; Walter Seifert; Guido Thimm; Amina Helmi; Scott C. trager; Thomas Bensby; Sofia Feltzing; Gregory Ruchti; Bengt Edvardsson; Andreas Korn; Karin Lind; Wilfried Boland; Matthew Colless; Gabriella Frost; James Gilbert; Peter Gillingham; Jon Lawrence; Neville Legg; Will Saunders; Andrew Sheinis; Simon Driver; Aaron Robotham; Roland Bacon; Patrick Caillier; Johan Kosmalski; Florence Laurent; Johan Richard
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Paper Abstract

4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with ~2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; ~1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R<5000 (λ~390-930 nm) and ~800 fibres to a spectrograph with R>18,000 (λ~392-437 nm and 515-572 nm and 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7].

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 July 2014
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 91470M (24 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055826
Show Author Affiliations
Roelof S. de Jong, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Sam Barden, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Olga Bellido-Tirado, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Joar Brynnel, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Cristina Chiappini, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Éric Depagne, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Roger Haynes, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Diana Johl, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Daniel P. Phillips, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Olivier Schnurr, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Axel D. Schwope, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Jakob Walcher, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Svend M. Bauer, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Gabriele Cescutti, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Maria-Rosa L. Cioni, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Frank Dionies, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Harry Enke, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Dionne M. Haynes, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Andreas Kelz, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Francisco S. Kitaura, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Georg Lamer, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Ivan Minchev, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Volker Müller, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Sebastián E. Nuza, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Jean-Christophe Olaya, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
InnoFSPEC (Germany)
Tilmann Piffl, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Emil Popow, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Allar Saviauk, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Matthias Steinmetz, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Uğur Ural, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Monica Valentini, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Roland Winkler, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Lutz Wisotzki, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Wolfgang R. Ansorge, RAMS-CON Management Consultants (Germany)
Manda Banerji, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Eduardo Gonzalez Solares, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Mike Irwin, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Robert C. Kennicutt Jr., Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
David L. King, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Richard McMahon, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Sergey Koposov, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Ian R. Parry, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Xiaowei Sun, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Nicholas A. Walton, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Gert Finger, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Olaf Iwert, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Mirko Krumpe, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Jean-Louis Lizon, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Vincenzo Mainieri, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Jean-Philippe Amans, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Piercarlo Bonifacio, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Matthieu Cohen, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Patrick François, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Pascal Jagourel, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Shan B. Mignot, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Frédéric Royer, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Paola Sartoretti, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris à Meudon, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
Ralf Bender, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
Hans-Joachim Hess, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
Florian Lang-Bardl, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
Bernard Muschielok, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
Jörg Schlichter, Univ.-Sternwarte München (Germany)
Hans Böhringer, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Thomas Boller, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Angela Bongiorno, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Marcella Brusa, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Tom Dwelly, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Andrea Merloni, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Kirpal Nandra, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Mara Salvato, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Johannes H. Pragt, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
Ramón Navarro, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
Gerrit Gerlofsma, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
Ronald Roelfsema, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
Gavin B. Dalton, Rutherford Appleton Lab. (United Kingdom)
Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Kevin F. Middleton, Rutherford Appleton Lab. (United Kingdom)
Ian A. Tosh, Rutherford Appleton Lab. (United Kingdom)
Corrado Boeche, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Elisabetta Caffau, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Norbert Christlieb, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Eva K. Grebel, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Camilla J. Hansen, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Andreas Koch, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Hans-G. Ludwig, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Holger Mandel, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Andreas Quirrenbach, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Luca Sbordone, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Walter Seifert, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Guido Thimm, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Amina Helmi, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute (Netherlands)
Scott C. trager, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute (Netherlands)
Thomas Bensby, Lund Univ. (Sweden)
Sofia Feltzing, Lund Univ. (Sweden)
Gregory Ruchti, Lund Univ. (Sweden)
Bengt Edvardsson, Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
Andreas Korn, Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
Karin Lind, Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
Wilfried Boland, NOVA (Netherlands)
Matthew Colless, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Australian National Univ. (Australia)
Gabriella Frost, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
James Gilbert, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Peter Gillingham, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Jon Lawrence, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Neville Legg, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Will Saunders, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Andrew Sheinis, Australian Astronomical Observatory (Australia)
Simon Driver, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
Aaron Robotham, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
Roland Bacon, Ctr. de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon (France)
Patrick Caillier, Ctr. de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon (France)
Johan Kosmalski, Ctr. de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon (France)
Florence Laurent, Ctr. de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon (France)
Johan Richard, Ctr. de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9147:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V
Suzanne K. Ramsay; Ian S. McLean; Hideki Takami, Editor(s)

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