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Proceedings Paper

CRAO: a compact and refractive adaptive-optics
Author(s): Naofumi Fujishiro; Eiji Kitao; Tomo Shimizu; Takuya Matsui; Yuji Ikeda; Hideyo Kawakita; Shin Oya
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Paper Abstract

CRAO is a demonstrator of a compact and low-cost adaptive-optics (AO) with a double-pass lens configuration. Owing to its compact optical layout compared to conventional reflective AOs, the instrument size can be reduced to only 0.03 square meters. We plan to apply this miniaturization technique into future AOs on a variety of telescopes ranging from 1m- to 30m-class. CRAO is installed at a Nasmyth focus of the 1.3m Araki telescope at Koyama Astronomical Observatory in Kyoto Sangyo University. CRAO adopts a closed-loop single-conjugate system with wavelength coverage of 400 - 700 nm and the field of view of 30 arcsec. For low cost, we also employ commercial products on its wavefront sensor (WFS), deformable mirror (DM), and tip-tilt (TT) stage. CRAO is designed to improve the atmospheric seeing from 2.5 to 0.6arcsec under a typical condition at Koyama Astronomical Observatory with 12x12 subapertures in the WFS, 48 electrodes in the membrane DM and the control bandwidth of 200Hz. In order to examine key issues inherent in refractive optical system such as chromatic aberration, temperature aberration and ghost images, room and on-sky experiments are currently underway. CRAO has seen first light in May 2014, and we have confirmed that effects of chromatic aberration and ghost images induced by its refractive optics are negligible for at least TT correction. In this paper, we present experimental results as well as the design of optics, opto-mechanics and control system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 August 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9148, Adaptive Optics Systems IV, 91485W (4 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055776
Show Author Affiliations
Naofumi Fujishiro, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Eiji Kitao, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Tomo Shimizu, Nishimura Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Takuya Matsui, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Yuji Ikeda, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Photocoding (Japan)
Hideyo Kawakita, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Shin Oya, Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9148:
Adaptive Optics Systems IV
Enrico Marchetti; Laird M. Close; Jean-Pierre Véran, Editor(s)

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