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Proceedings Paper

Gemini planet imager observational calibrations IV: wavelength calibration and flexure correction for the integral field spectograph
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Paper Abstract

We present the wavelength calibration for the lenslet-based Integral Field Spectrograph (IFS) that serves as the science instrument for the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI). The GPI IFS features a 2.7" x 2.7" field of view and a 190 x 190 lenslet array (14.3 mas/lenslet) operating in Y, J, H, and K bands with spectral resolving power ranging from R ~ 35 to 78. Due to variations across the field of view, a unique wavelength solution is determined for each lenslet characterized by a two-dimensional position, the spectral dispersion, and the rotation of the spectrum with respect to the detector axes. The four free parameters are fit using a constrained Levenberg-Marquardt least-squares minimization algorithm, which compares an individual lenslet’s arc lamp spectrum to a simulated arc lamp spectrum. This method enables measurement of spectral positions to better than 1/10th of a pixel on the GPI IFS detector using Gemini’s facility calibration lamp unit GCAL, improving spectral extraction accuracy compared to earlier approaches. Using such wavelength calibrations we have measured how internal flexure of the spectrograph with changing zenith angle shifts spectra on the detector. We describe the methods used to compensate for these shifts when assembling datacubes from on-sky observations using GPI.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 July 2014
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 91477H (28 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055678
Show Author Affiliations
Schuyler G. Wolff, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Marshall D. Perrin, Space Telescope Science Institute (United States)
Jérôme Maire, Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Patrick J. Ingraham, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Fredrik T. Rantakyrö, Gemini Observatory (Chile)
Pascale Hibon, Gemini Observatory (Chile)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9147:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V
Suzanne K. Ramsay; Ian S. McLean; Hideki Takami, Editor(s)

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