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Proceedings Paper

ERIS: preliminary design phase overview
Author(s): Harald Kuntschner; Lieselotte Jochum; Paola Amico; Johannes K. Dekker; Florian Kerber; Enrico Marchetti; Matteo Accardo; Roland Brast; Martin Brinkmann; Ralf D. Conzelmann; Bernard Alexis Delabre; Michel Duchateau; Enrico Fedrigo; Gert Finger; Christoph Frank; Fernando Gago Rodriguez; Barbara Klein; Jens Knudstrup; Miska Le Louarn; Lars Lundin; Andrea Modigliani; Michael Müller; Mark Neeser; Sebastien Tordo; Elena Valenti; Frank Eisenhauer; Eckhard Sturm; Helmut Feuchtgruber; Elisabeth M. George; Michael Hartl; Reiner Hofmann; Heinrich Huber; Markus P. Plattner; Josef Schubert; Karl Tarantik; Erich Wiezorrek; Michael R. Meyer; Sascha P. Quanz; Adrian M. Glauser; Harald Weisz; Simone Esposito; Marco Xompero; Guido Agapito; Jacopo Antichi; Valdemaro Biliotti; Marco Bonaglia; Runa Briguglio; Luca Carbonaro; Giovanni Cresci; Luca Fini; Enrico Pinna; Alfio T. Puglisi; Fernando Quirós-Pacheco; Armando Riccardi; Gianluca Di Rico; Carmelo Arcidiacono; Mauro Dolci
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Paper Abstract

The Enhanced Resolution Imager and Spectrograph (ERIS) is the next-generation adaptive optics near-IR imager and spectrograph for the Cassegrain focus of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) Unit Telescope 4, which will soon make full use of the Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF). It is a high-Strehl AO-assisted instrument that will use the Deformable Secondary Mirror (DSM) and the new Laser Guide Star Facility (4LGSF). The project has been approved for construction and has entered its preliminary design phase. ERIS will be constructed in a collaboration including the Max- Planck Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich and the Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri and will offer 1 - 5 μm imaging and 1 - 2.5 μm integral field spectroscopic capabilities with a high Strehl performance. Wavefront sensing can be carried out with an optical high-order NGS Pyramid wavefront sensor, or with a single laser in either an optical low-order NGS mode, or with a near-IR low-order mode sensor. Due to its highly sensitive visible wavefront sensor, and separate near-IR low-order mode, ERIS provides a large sky coverage with its 1’ patrol field radius that can even include AO stars embedded in dust-enshrouded environments. As such it will replace, with a much improved single conjugated AO correction, the most scientifically important imaging modes offered by NACO (diffraction limited imaging in the J to M bands, Sparse Aperture Masking and Apodizing Phase Plate (APP) coronagraphy) and the integral field spectroscopy modes of SINFONI, whose instrumental module, SPIFFI, will be upgraded and re-used in ERIS. As part of the SPIFFI upgrade a new higher resolution grating and a science detector replacement are envisaged, as well as PLC driven motors. To accommodate ERIS at the Cassegrain focus, an extension of the telescope back focal length is required, with modifications of the guider arm assembly. In this paper we report on the status of the baseline design. We will also report on the main science goals of the instrument, ranging from exoplanet detection and characterization to high redshift galaxy observations. We will also briefly describe the SINFONI-SPIFFI upgrade strategy, which is part of the ERIS development plan and the overall project timeline.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 July 2014
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 9147, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 91471U (8 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055140
Show Author Affiliations
Harald Kuntschner, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Lieselotte Jochum, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Paola Amico, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Johannes K. Dekker, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Florian Kerber, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Enrico Marchetti, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Matteo Accardo, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Roland Brast, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Martin Brinkmann, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Ralf D. Conzelmann, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Bernard Alexis Delabre, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Michel Duchateau, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Enrico Fedrigo, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Gert Finger, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Christoph Frank, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Fernando Gago Rodriguez, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Barbara Klein, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Jens Knudstrup, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Miska Le Louarn, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Lars Lundin, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Andrea Modigliani, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Michael Müller, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Mark Neeser, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Sebastien Tordo, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Elena Valenti, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Frank Eisenhauer, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Eckhard Sturm, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Helmut Feuchtgruber, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Elisabeth M. George, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Michael Hartl, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Reiner Hofmann, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Heinrich Huber, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Markus P. Plattner, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Josef Schubert, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Karl Tarantik, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Erich Wiezorrek, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Michael R. Meyer, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
Sascha P. Quanz, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
Adrian M. Glauser, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
Harald Weisz, Ingenieursbureau für den Maschinenbau (Germany)
Simone Esposito, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Marco Xompero, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Guido Agapito, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Jacopo Antichi, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Valdemaro Biliotti, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Marco Bonaglia, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Runa Briguglio, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Luca Carbonaro, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Giovanni Cresci, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Luca Fini, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Enrico Pinna, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Alfio T. Puglisi, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Fernando Quirós-Pacheco, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Armando Riccardi, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Gianluca Di Rico, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Carmelo Arcidiacono, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
Mauro Dolci, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Teramo (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9147:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V
Suzanne K. Ramsay; Ian S. McLean; Hideki Takami, Editor(s)

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